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Adjuvant Effects on Absorption, Translocation, and Metabolism of Haloxyfop-Methyl in Corn (Zea mays)

  • S. Kent Harrison (a1) and Loyd M. Wax (a2)

Abstract

The effects of adjuvants and relative humidity (RH) on absorption, translocation, and metabolism of the methyl ester of 14C-haloxyfop {2-[4-[[3-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]oxy]phenoxy] propanoic acid} in corn (Zea mays L. ‘B73 X Mo17’ hybrid) were evaluated. Addition of 1.0% (v/v) petroleum oil concentrate (POC) to the treatment solution resulted in greater foliar absorption and translocation of 14C than addition of 1.0% (v/v) soybean oil concentrate (SBOC), 0.1% (v/v) oxysorbic (20 POE) (polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate) (OXY), or no adjuvant (NONE). The least amount of 14C absorption occurred in the treatment containing OXY. Absorption and translocation of radioactivity were significantly greater at 70% RH than at 30% RH. Thin-layer chromatography revealed that most of the 14C recovered from treated plants was in haloxyfop-methyl 5 h after treatment (HAT). The remaining 14C recovered was haloxyfop and an unidentified polar metabolite. The average percentage of 14C-haloxyfop in the nonabsorbed fraction was 5, 39, 7, and 7% for treatments containing NONE, OXY, POC, and SBOC, respectively. The ratio of haloxyfop-methyl to haloxyfop and the percentage of polar metabolite in the absorbed 14C fraction was not different among adjuvant treatments or between levels of RH.

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Keywords

Adjuvant Effects on Absorption, Translocation, and Metabolism of Haloxyfop-Methyl in Corn (Zea mays)

  • S. Kent Harrison (a1) and Loyd M. Wax (a2)

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