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Absorption and translocation of glyphosate isopropylamine and trimethylsulfonium salts in Abutilon theophrasti and Setaria faberi

  • Norbert M. Satchivi (a1), Loyd M. Wax (a2), Edward W. Stoller and Donald P. Briskin (a3)

Abstract

Growth chamber and laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate foliar absorption and translocation of the isopropylamine (Ipa) or trimethylsulfonium (Tms) salts of glyphosate in Abutilon theophrasti and Setaria faberi. Glyphosate was applied at 250 g ai ha−1. Absorption of 14C-glyphosate in both formulations increased similarly in both species over 72 h. Seventy-two hours after treatment (HAT), A. theophrasti absorbed 26% of applied 14C of both formulations, whereas S. faberi absorbed 43% of both formulations. The addition of 1% ammonium sulfate (AMS) to both formulations increased the amount of herbicide absorbed to 35% in A. theophrasti and 60% in S. faberi 72 HAT. Translocation of absorbed 14C-glyphosate in both formulations (with or without AMS) was greater for S. faberi than A. theophrasti 72 HAT. For A. theophrasti, 17% of 14C absorbed in Ipa and Tms formulations were translocated out of the treated leaf, whereas additions of AMS increased the amount translocated to 25 and 23% for Ipa and Tms, respectively. The largest portion of translocated 14C moved to tissues above the treated leaf. For S. faberi, 37% of absorbed 14C in both Ipa and Tms formulations were translocated out of the treated leaf 72 HAT, whereas 42% translocated when 1% AMS was added to both formulations. In S. faberi, the largest portion of 14C-glyphosate translocated to tissues below the treated leaf. In summary, no differences were found between Ipa and Tms formulations in both weed species.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author. USDA-ARS, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801; estoller@uiuc.edu

References

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