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Methazole Adsorption-Desorption in Soil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

William C. Koskinen
Affiliation:
South. Weed Sci. Lab., U.S. Dep. Agric., Agric. Res. Ser., Stoneville, MS 38776

Abstract

Adsorption and desorption of 14C-methazole [2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazolidine-3,5-dione] were characterized on two silt loam soils (Dundee and Palouse; 0.7 and 3.0% organic matter, respectively) using the batch equilibration technique. Freundlich adsorption isotherm coefficients (Kf and l/n) were calculated after equilibration of methazole solutions (initial concentrations = 0.11 to 4.10 nmol/ml) with soil for various times. After a rapid attainment of an apparent equilibrium, 14C- concentration in solution for the Palouse soil decreased at a low rate. The greater adsorption (Kf) on the Palouse soil, for a given equilibration period, was attributed to the greater organic matter content. The continued trend of increase in apparent Kf with time was due to degradation of methazole in solution to 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1-methylurea (DCPMU), which was highly adsorbed, rather than to increased adsorption of the parent compound. The calculated adsorption coefficients expressed in terms of soil organic carbon would classify methazole and DCPMU as immobile in Palouse soil and methazole as slightly mobile in Dundee soil. Calculated desorption isotherms, which exhibited a hysteretic effect, were also dependent on the rate of methazole degradation. The adsorption, desorption, and degradation data indicate that methazole would not leach readily in most soils.

Type
Physiology, Chemistry, and Biochemistry
Copyright
Copyright © 1984 by the Weed Science Society of America 

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