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Herbicide Metabolism: Crop Selectivity, Bioactivation, Weed Resistance, and Regulation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 March 2019

Vijay K. Nandula*
Affiliation:
Research Plant Physiologist, Crop Production Systems Research Unit, USDA-ARS, Stoneville, MS, USA
Dean E. Riechers
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
Yurdagul Ferhatoglu
Affiliation:
Former Graduate Student and Professor, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
Michael Barrett
Affiliation:
Former Graduate Student and Professor, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
Stephen O. Duke
Affiliation:
Research Leader, Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, USDA-ARS, University, MS, USA
Franck E. Dayan
Affiliation:
Professor and Assistant Professor, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
Alina Goldberg-Cavalleri
Affiliation:
Research Associate, Research Fellow, Research Associate, Senior Research Associate, and Professor, School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Catherine Tétard-Jones
Affiliation:
Research Associate, Research Fellow, Research Associate, Senior Research Associate, and Professor, School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
David J. Wortley
Affiliation:
Boult Wade Tennant, London, UK
Nawaporn Onkokesung
Affiliation:
Research Associate, Research Fellow, Research Associate, Senior Research Associate, and Professor, School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Melissa Brazier-Hicks
Affiliation:
Research Associate, Research Fellow, Research Associate, Senior Research Associate, and Professor, School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Robert Edwards
Affiliation:
Research Associate, Research Fellow, Research Associate, Senior Research Associate, and Professor, School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Todd Gaines
Affiliation:
Professor and Assistant Professor, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
Satoshi Iwakami
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Mithila Jugulam
Affiliation:
Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA
Rong Ma
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA
*
*Author for correspondence: Vijay Nandula, USDA-ARS, 141 Experiment Station Road, Stoneville, MS 38776. (Email: vijay.nandula@ars.usda.gov)

Abstract

Several grass and broadleaf weed species around the world have evolved multiple-herbicide resistance at alarmingly increasing rates. Research on the biochemical and molecular resistance mechanisms of multiple-resistant weed populations indicate a prevalence of herbicide metabolism catalyzed by enzyme systems such as cytochrome P450 monooxygenases and glutathione S-transferases and, to a lesser extent, by glucosyl transferases. A symposium was conducted to gain an understanding of the current state of research on metabolic resistance mechanisms in weed species that pose major management problems around the world. These topics, as well as future directions of investigations that were identified in the symposium, are summarized herein. In addition, the latest information on selected topics such as the role of safeners in inducing crop tolerance to herbicides, selectivity to clomazone, glyphosate metabolism in crops and weeds, and bioactivation of natural molecules is reviewed.

Type
Symposium
Copyright
© Weed Science Society of America, 2019 

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