The Degradation Kinetics of an Ester of Silvex and the Persistence of Silvex in Water and Sediment
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 12 June 2017
The degradation kinetics of propylene glycol butyl ether (hereafter referred to as PGBE) ester of 2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy) propionic acid (silvex) and the persistence of silvex in water and sediment were studied under impounded conditions. PGBE ester of silvex was applied to the surface of three ponds at the rate of 9 kg/ha/A. Water and sediment samples were collected at 4, 12, 24, and 48 hr after treatment and were extracted for PGBE ester of silvex immediately after collection. The concentrations of PGBE ester of silvex and silvex present in the water and sediment samples were determined by gas chromatography. Physico-chemical and mineralogical characteristics of the sediment samples collected prior to treatment were determined. The hydrolysis of PGBE ester of silvex to silvex obeyed first order reaction kinetics, the specific reaction rate constants for the three ponds being 0.09 hr−1, 0.10 hr−1, and 0.14 hr−1. Fifty percent hydrolysis of PGBE ester of silvex occurred in 5 to 8 hr, 90% hydrolysis occurred in 16 to 24 hr, and 99% hydrolysis occurred in 33 to 49 hr. The concentration of silvex in water initially increased, but decreased to zero by the end of 3 weeks. Adsorption of both the PGBE ester of silvex and silvex appeared to occur on the sediment; essentially complete disappearance of both occurred by the fifth week following treatment. Under laboratory conditions, silvex adsorption by the sediments conformed to the Freundlich adsorption equation.
- Research Article
- Weed Science , Volume 18 , Issue 3 , May 1970 , pp. 413 - 419
- Copyright © 1970 Weed Science Society of America