To provide a quantitative description of the postnatal development of dendritic trees in alpha ganglion cells of the rabbit retina, these cells were stained either by intracellular injection of Lucifer yellow or by application of the lipophilic dye Oil. This was done at three developmental stages: postnatal day (P) 8/9, P 16/17, and in adults. For different retinal locations we quantified the alpha cell dendritic field area, the number of dendritic branch points, and the average dendritic length between branch points. According to the alpha cell location, the data were collected in three groups representing the retinal center, midperiphery, and far periphery, respectively. The data were then correlated with the postnatal retinal expansion which is known to differ among the above topographic regions of the retinae (Reichenbach et al., 1993). Our results show that the growth of alpha ganglion cell dendrites is not proportional to, but significantly exceeds, that of the local retinal tissue. Between P 8/9 and adulthood, the area of central alpha cells increases almost six-fold from 26,000 to 144,000 μm2 (retinal expansion: 2.2-fold), and that of peripheral cells more than 15-fold from 35,000 to 556,000 μm2 (retinal expansion: four-fold). During this period, the coverage factor of alpha cell dendritic fields increases about three-fold, and reaches adult levels of about 3 (retinal center) and 2.2 (periphery), respectively. The number of dendritic branch points remains nearly constant, and the distance between them increases by a factor close to the square root of the factor by which the dendritic field area grows. Thus, it appears that, from the second postnatal week on, dendritic trees of rabbit alpha ganglion cells increase by intense “interstitial growth,” rather than by outgrowth of (new) dendritic branches. This growth pattern is different from that of some other rabbit retinal ganglion cell types, and of alpha ganglion cells of the cat retina, whose dendritic trees expand at a rate equal to or less than that of the surrounding retinal tissue. The consequences for synaptic contacts with bipolar and amacrine cells are discussed; they suggest a high degree of synaptic plasticity during normal postnatal retinal growth.