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Modulation of voltage-dependent K+ currents (IK(V)) in retinal bipolar cells by ascorbate is mediated by dopamine D1 receptors

  • SHIH-FANG FAN (a1) and STEPHEN YAZULLA (a1)

Abstract

Ascorbic acid (AA), a neuromodulator in the vertebrate CNS, is released from glutamatergic neurons in exchange with glutamate uptake and, in turn, modulates the release of both glutamate and dopamine. We have reported that voltage-gated K+ currents (IK(V)) in ON-mixed rod/cone bipolar cells (Mb) were suppressed 60% by 100–200 μM AA when added to an ascorbate-free solution. However, as the in vivo [AA]o in retina is about 200 μM, we studied the effects of changes in [AA]o on IK(V) when [AA]o was varied around a baseline concentration of 200 μM. Whole-cell currents were recorded with patch-clamp methods from goldfish Mb cells in retinal slices, bathed in a solution containing 200 μM AA. We found that (1) IK(V) was enhanced (180 ± 36%, n = 9) by increases of [AA]o less than 40 μM with an average latency of 8 min. (2) However, IK(V) was suppressed without an appreciable latent period by two conditions: increases more than 40 μM [AA]o and decreases by any amount greater than 10 μM. (3) Effects of Δ[AA]o on IK(V) were blocked by a D1 dopamine receptor antagonist, SCH 23390, but not by a D2 receptor antagonist, spiperone. Increased concentrations of a D1 agonist (SKF 38390) and dopamine had similar concentration-dependent effects on IK(V) as did AA, even in the presence of 200 μM ascorbate. Ascorbate has complicated concentration-dependent effects on IK(V) of Mb cells in vitro that were mediated by D1 dopamine receptors, suggesting that dopamine and ascorbate may be involved reciprocally in modulating IK(V), with consequences on the transmission of rod signals to the inner retina.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to: Shih-Fang Fan, Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, SUNY, Stony Brook, NY 11794-5230, USA. E-mail: sfan@neurobio.sunysb.edu

Keywords

Modulation of voltage-dependent K+ currents (IK(V)) in retinal bipolar cells by ascorbate is mediated by dopamine D1 receptors

  • SHIH-FANG FAN (a1) and STEPHEN YAZULLA (a1)

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