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Modulation of endogenous dopamine release in the fish retina by light and prolonged darkness

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 June 2009

Reto Weiler
Affiliation:
The Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole
William H. Baldridge
Affiliation:
The Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole
Stuart C. Mangel
Affiliation:
The Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole
John E. Dowling
Affiliation:
The Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole

Abstract

The effect of light stimuli and prolonged darkness on the release of endogenous dopamine was measured in the white perch and hybrid bass retinas. Isolated retinas were superfused and released dopamine was measured using extraction and high-pressure liquid chromatography separation techniques. Potassium-induced release did not depend on the background illumination nor on the period of previous darkness. Steady white light did not affect release, but flickering light of 2 Hz increased release about two-fold. During prolonged darkness, the release of dopamine increased steadily over the test period of 2 h, but only if the experiments were performed at night. During the day such an increase was not observed. The increased release during prolonged darkness at night was turned off by a short period of steady white light. The release patterns obtained from the white perch and the hybrid bass were similar. However, the hybrid bass retina showed much lower levels of dopamine than did the white perch retina.

Type
Research Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1997

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