Published online by Cambridge University Press: 09 February 2009
It is nearly two decades since Tony Wrigley first discussed the possible effects that the experience of London life may have had on changing the society of seventeenth-century England. Despite some excellent work on certain aspects of London's social history, however, his qualification still stands: ‘too little is known of the sociological differences between life in London and life in provincial England to afford a clear perception of the impact of London's growth upon the country as a whole’. Among the obstacles to this latter goal are that metropolitan and provincial society are often seen as qualitatively different and, perhaps in consequence, comparisons between the two have not been seriously attempted. What is needed is a model which might serve to embrace the experiences of both urban and rural inhabitants within a common framework.
1 Wrigley, E. A., ‘A simple model of London's importance in changing English society and economy 1650–1750’, Past and Present, XXXVII (1967), 50.Google Scholar For some of the best and most recent work on London see Power, M., ‘Shadwell: the development of a London suburban community in the seventeenth century’, London J., IV (1978), 29–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Burke, P., ‘Popular culture in seventeenth-century London’, London J., III (1977), 143–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Pearl, Valerie, ‘Social policy in early modern London’, in History and Imagination: essays in honour of H. R. Trevor-Roper, ed. Pearl, Valerie, Lloyd-Jones, H. and Worden, B. (1981), 115–31Google Scholar; Rappaport, S.,’ ‘Social structure and mobility in sixteenth-century London: Part 1’, London J., IX, 2 (1983), 107–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Ashton, R., ‘Popular entertainment and social control in later Elizabethan and Early Stuart London’, London J., IX, 1 (1983), 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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22 The known positions of large buildings, such as inns and breweries, also helped to establish the relative positions of households. For this ‘standard procedure’, see Carter, H., ‘The map in urban history’, Urban History Yearbook (1979), 19–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar For methodological problems encountered in studies of nineteenth-century cities, see Lawton, R., ‘Mobility in nineteenth-century British cities’, Geographical J., CXLV (1979), 213–14.Google Scholar
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29 In addition to manuscript material already cited the following Boroughside token books were used: GLRO P92/SAV/198(1608), 199(1609), 200(1610), 201(1612), 203(1614), 205(1616), 207(1618), 208(1619), 211(1622), 213(1624), 215(1626), 217(1628), 221(1632), 223(1633), 224(1634), 227(1635), 229(1637), 233(1640), 234(1643).
30 Pooley, op. cit., 265. If widows remaining in the same dwelling are also counted as persistent, then after ten years 28 per cent of the 1608 sample of householders would still have been occupying the same dwelling.
32 For the claim that changes in surname hid considerable dynastic stability in a small district of pre-industrial Oxford, see Prior, Mary, ‘Fisher Row. The Oxford community of fishermen, bargemen and canal boatmen 1500–1800’ (Ph.D.thesis, University of Oxford, 1977), 6, 11, 101, 259.Google Scholar
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43 Ward, op cit., 157; Pooley, op. cit., 274; Lawton, op. cit., 220; Anderson, M., Family Structure in Nineteenth-Century Lancashire (1971), 41–2Google Scholar; Dennes and Daniels, op. cit., 9–13.
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47 Prest, op. cit., 361; Schofield, op. cit., 264; Souden, op. cit., 26, 137.
48 Memoranda in 1636 token book, GLRO P92/SAV/228.
49 GLRO P92/SAV/1423, 211. See Raine, H., ‘Christopher Fawcett against the inmates’, Surrey Archaeological Collections, VI (1969), 79–85.Google Scholar
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56 GLRO Archdeaconry of Surrey, Will Register 151 Yeast, 23 Harding.
57 Pooley, op. cit., 274.
58 For a modest beginning see Boulton, , ‘Seventeenth-century Southwark’, 271–361.Google Scholar Residential mobility of the sort described here has also been identified by Derek Keene from his detailed reconstruction of property in Cheapside; see Keene, D., ‘A new study of London before the Great Fire’, Urban History Yearbook (1984), 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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