Akerman, B. A., & Fischbein, S. (1992). Within-pair similarity in MZ and DZ twins from birth to eighteen years of age. Acta Geneticae Medicae et Gemellologiae, 41, 155–164.
Alfieri, A., Gatti, I., & Alfieri, A. C. (1987). Weight and height growth in twins and children born in the last decade. Acta Geneticae Medicae et Gemellologiae, 36, 209–211.
Arbuckle, T. E., Wilkins, R., & Sherman, G. J. (1993). Birth weight percentiles by gestational age in Canada. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 81, 39–48.
Arnoudse-Moens, C. S. H., Weisglas-Kuperus, N., van Goudoever, J. B., & Oosterlaan, J. (2009). Meta-analysis of neurobehavioral outcomes in very preterm and/or very low birth weight children. Pediatrics, 124, 717–728.
Bhutta, A. T., Clevels, M. A., Casey, P. H., Cradok, M. M., & Anand, K. J. S. (2002). Cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school-aged children who were born preterm — A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 728–737.
Britton, J. R., Britton, H. L., Jennett, R., Gaines, J., & Daily, W. J. (1993). Weight, length, head and chest circumference at birth in Phoenix, Arizona. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 38, 215–222.
Buckler, J. M. H., & Green, M. (1994). Birth weight and head circumference standards for English twins. Archives of Diseases in Childhood, 71, 516–521.
Buckler, J. M., & Green, M. (2004). A comparison of the early growth of twins and singletons. Annals of Human Biology, 31, 311–332.
Buckler, J. M., & Green, M. (2008). The growth of twins between the ages of 2 and 9 years. Annals of Human Biology, 35, 75–92.
Bukowski, R., Gahn, D., Denning, J., & Saade, G. (2001). Impairment of growth in fetuses destined to deliver preterm. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 185, 463–467.
Bundered, P., Kitchner, D., & Buchan, I. (2001). Prevalence of overweight and obese children between 1989 and 1998: Population based series of cross sectional studies. BMJ, 322, 326–328.
Burke, V., Bellin, L. J., & Dunbar, D. (2001). Family lifestyle and parental body mass index as predictors of body mass index in Australian children: A longitudinal study. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 25, 147–157.
Cianfrani, S., Germani, D., & Branca, F. (1999). Low birthweight and adult insulin resistance: The ‘catch-up growth’ hypothesis. Archives of Diseases in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 81, F71–F73.
Ehrenkranz, R. A., Younes, N., Lemons, J. A., Fanaroff, A. A., Donovan, E. F., Wright, L. L., Katsikiotis, V., Tyson, J. E., Oh, W., Shankaran, S., Bauer, C. R., Korones, S. B., Stoll, B. J., Stevenson, D. K., & Papile, L. A. (1999). Longitudinal growth of hospitalized very low-birth-weight infants. Pediatrics, 104, 280–289.
Fall, C. H. D., Osmond, C., Barker, D. J. P., Clark, P. M. S., Hales, C. N., Stirling, Y., & Meade, T. W. (1995). Fetal and infant growth and cardiovascular risk factors in women. BMJ, 310, 428–432.
Forsen, T., Eriksson, J. G., Tomilehto, J., Osmond, C., & Barker, D. J. P. (1999). Growth in utero and during childhood among women who develop coronary heart disease: Longitudinal study. BMJ, 319, 1403–1407.
Gielen, M., Lindsey, P. J., Derom, C., Loos, R. J. F., Derom, R., Nijhuis, J. G., & Vlietinck, R. (2007). Twin birth weight standards. Neonatology, 92, 164–173.
Glinianaia, S. V., Skjaerven, R., & Magnus, P. (2000). Birth weight percentiles by gestational age in multiple births. A population-based study of Norwegian twins and triplets. Acta Obstetrica Gynecologica Scandinavica, 79, 450–458.
Hack, M., Merkatz, J. R., Gordon, D., Jones, P. K., & Fanaroff, A. A. (1982). The prognostic significance of postnatal growth in low-birth-weight infants. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 143, 693–699.
Hack, M., Schluchter, M., Catar, L., Rahman, M., Cuttler, L., & Borawski, E. (2003). Growth of very low birth weight infants to age 20 years. Pediatrics, 112, e30–e38.
James, P. T., Leach, R., Kalamara, E., & Shayeghi, M. (2001). The worldwide obesity epidemic. Obesity Research, 9, 228s–233s.
Kato, N. (2004). Reference birthweight range for multiple birth neonates in Japan. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 4, 1–9.
Kato, N., Okuno, T., & Takaishi, M. (2001). Comments on the results of growth standards of Japanese children in 2000. Shoni Hoken Kenkyu (Journal of Child Health), 60, 707–720.
Lamb, D. J., Middeldorp, C. M., van Beijsterveldt, C. E. M., Vink, J. M., Haak, M. C., & Boomsma, D. (2011). Birth weight in large series of triplets. BMC Pediatrics, 52, 11–24.
Law, C. (2001). Adult obesity and growth in childhood. BMJ, 323, 1320–1321.
Luke, B., Brown, M. B., Hediger, M. L., Misiunas, R. B., & Anderson, E. (2006). Perinatal and early childhood outcomes of twins versus triplets. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 9, 81–88.
Luke, B., Leurgans, S., Keith, L., & Keith, D. (1995). The childhood growth of twin children. Acta Geneticae Medicae et Gemellologiae, 44, 169–178.
Luke, B., Nugent, C., van de Ven, C., Martin, D., O'sullivan, M. J., Eardley, S., Witter, F. R., Mauldin, J., & Newman, R. B. (2002). The association between maternal factors and perinatal outcomes in triplet pregnancies. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 187, 752–757.
Min, S. J., Luke, B., Gillespie, B., Min, L., Newman, R. B., Mauidin, J. G., Witter, F. R., Salman, F. A., & O'Sullivan, M. J. (2000). Birth weight references for twin. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 182, 1250–1257.
Min, S. J., Luke, B., Misiunas, R., Nugent, C., Van de Ven, C., Martin, D., Gonzalez-Quintero, V. H., Eardley, S., Witter, F. R., Mauldin, J. G., & Newman, R. B. (2004). Birth weight references for triplets. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 191, 809–814.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (2009). Comment on the results of growth standards of Japanese children in 2008. Shoni Hoken Kenkyu (Journal of Child Health), 92, 92–124.
Ooki, S., & Yokoyama, Y. (2003). Reference birth weight, length, chest circumference, and head circumference by gestational age in Japanese twins. Journal of Epidemiology, 13, 333–341.
Ooki, S., & Yokoyama, Y. (2004). Physical growth carts from birth to six years of age in Japanese twins. Journal of Epidemology, 14, 151–160.
Orlebeke, J. F., Boomsma, D. I., & Eriksson, A. W. (1993). Epidemiological and birth weight characteristics of triplets, a study from the Dutch twin register. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 50, 87–93.
Powls, A., Botting, N., Cooke, R. W. I., Pilling, D., & Marlow, N. (1996). Growth impairment in very low birth-weight children at 12 years: Correlation with perinatal and outcome variables. Archives of Diseases in Childhood, 75, F152–F157.
Reilly, J. J., & Dorosty, A. R. (1999). Epidemic of obesity in UK children. Lancet, 354, 1874–1875.
Semmler, C., Ashcroft, J., van Jaarsveld, C. H. M., Carnell, S., & Wardle, J. (2009). Development of overweight in children in relation to parental weight and socioeconomic status. Obesity, 17, 814–820.
Silventoinen, K., Bartels, M., Posthuma, D., Burk, G. F. E., Willemsen, G., Beijsterveldt, T. C. E. M., & Boomsma, D. I. (2007). Genetic regulation of growth in height and weight from 3 to 12 years of age: A longitudinal study of Dutch twin children. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 10, 354–363.
Silventoinen, K., & Kaprio, J. (2009). Genetics of tracking of body mass index from birth to late middle age: Evidence from twin and family studies. Obesity Facts, 2, 196–202.
Silventoinen, K., Rokholm, B., Kaprio, J, & Sørensen, T. I. A. (2010). The genetic and environmental influences on childhood obesity: A systematic review of twin and adoption studies. International Journal of Obesity, 34, 29–40.
Vogazianos, P., Fiala, J., & Vogazianos, M. (2005). The influence of active maternal smoking during pregnancy on birth weights in Cyprus. Central European Journal of Public Health, 13, 78–84.
Wadhawan, R., Oh, W., Vohr, B. R., Wrage, L., Das, A., Bell, E. F., Laptook, A. R., Shankaran, S., Stool, B. J., Walsh, M. C., & Higgins, R. D. (2011). Neurodevelopmental outcomes of triplets or higher-order extremely low birth weight infants. Pediatrics, 127, e654–e660.
Wilson, R. S. (1976). Concordance in physical growth for monozygotic and dizygotic twins. Annals of Human Biology, 3, 1–10.
Wilson, R. S. (1979). Twin growth: Initial deficit, recovery, and trends in concordance from birth to nine years. Annals of Human Biology, 6, 205–220.
Yokoyama, Y. (2002). Fundal height as a predictor of early preterm triplet delivery. Twin Research, 5, 71–74.
Yokoyama, Y., Shimizu, T., & Hayakawa, K. (1995). Prevalence of cerebral palsy in twins, triplets and quadruplets. International Journal of Epidemiology, 24, 943–948.
Yokoyama, Y., Sugimoto, M., & Ooki, S. (2005). Analysis of factors affecting birthweight, birth length and head circumference, Study of Japanese triplets. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 8, 659–663.
Yokoyama, Y., Sugimoto, M., Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2008). Weight growth charts from birth to six years of age in Japanese triplets. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 11, 641–647.
Yokoyama, Y., Sugimoto, M., Pitkäniemi, J., Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2009). Growth charts of length and height from birth to six years of age in Japanese triplets. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 12, 320–327.
Yokoyama, Y., Sugimoto, M., Pitkäniemi, J., Kaprio, J., & Silventoinen, K. (2011). Height growth of triplets from birth to twelve years of age in Japan. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 14, 468–475.
Ziadech, S. M. (2000). The outcome of triplet versus twin pregnancies. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, 50, 96–99.