Alderman, M., & Aiyer, K. J. V. (2004). Uric acid: Role in cardiovascular disease and effects of losartan. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 20, 369–379.
Becker, A., Busjahn, A., Faulhaber, H. D., Bähring, S., Robertson, J., Schuster, H., & Luft, F. C. (1997). Twin zygosity. Automated determination with microsatellites. The Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 42, 260–266.
Benyamin, B., Sørensen, T. I. A., Schousboe, K., Fenger, M., Visscher, P. M., & Kyvik, K. O. (2007). Are there common genetic and environmental factors behind the endophenotypes associated with the metabolic syndrome?
Diabetologia, 50, 1880–1888.
Berenson, G. S., Srinivasan, S. R., Bao, W., Newman, W. P. 3rd, Tracy, R. E., & Wattigney, W. A. (1998). Association between multiple cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerosis in children and young adults. The bogalusa heart study. The New England Journal of Medicine, 338, 1650–1656.
Bodurtha, J. N., Chen, C. W., Mosteller, M., Nance, W. E., Schieken, R. M., & Segrest, J. (1991). Genetic and environmental contributions to cholesterol and its subfractions in 11-year-old twins. The Medical College of Virginia Twin Study. Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis, 11, 844–850.
Chen, T. J., Modin, B., Ji, C. Y., & Hjern, A. (2011). Regional, socioeconomic and urban-rural disparities in child and adolescent obesity in China: A multilevel analysis. Acta Paediatrica, 100, 1583–1589.
Choh, A. C., Gage, T. B., McGarvey, S. T., & Comuzzie, A. G. (2001). Genetic and environmental correlations between various anthropometric and blood pressure traits among adult samoans. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 115, 304–311.
Duan, H. P., Ning, F., Zhang, D. F., Wang, S. J., Zhang, D., Tan, Q. H., . . . Pang, Z. C. (2013). The Qingdao Twin Registry: A status update. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 16, 79–85.
Duan, H. P., Pang, Z. C., Zhang, D. F., Li, S. X., Kruse, T. A., Kyvik, K. O., . . . Tan, Q. H. (2011). Genetic and environmental dissections of sub-phenotypes of metabolic syndrome in the Chinese population: a twin-based heritability study. Obesity Facts, 4, 99–104.
Elder, S. J., Lichtenstein, A. H., Pittas, A. J., Roberts, S. B., Fuss, P. J., Greenberg, A. S., . . . Neale, M. C. (2009). Genetic and environmental influences on factors associated with cardiovascular disease and the metabolic syndrome. Journal of Lipid Research, 50, 1917–1926.
Evans, A., Van Baal, G. C. M., McCarron, P., DeLange, M., Soerensen, T. I., De Geus, E. J. C., . . . Boomsma, D. I. (2003). The genetics of coronary heart disease: The contribution of twin studies. Twin Research, 6, 432–441.
Ford, E. S., Li, C. Y., Cook, S., & Choi, H. K. (2007). Serum concentrations of uric acid and the metabolic syndrome among US children and adolescents. Circulation, 115, 2526–2532.
Foster, T. A., Voors, A. W., Webber, L. S., Frerichs, R. R., & Berenson, G. S. (1977). Anthropometric and maturation measurements of children, ages 5 to 14 years, in a biracial community–the Bogalusa Heart Study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 30, 582–591.
Hubert, H. B., Feinleib, M., McNamara, P. M., & Castelli, W. P. (1983). Obesity as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease: A 26-year follow-up of participants in the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation, 67, 968–977.
Hur, Y. M. (2007). Sex difference in heritability of BMI in South Korean adolescent twins. Obesity (Silver Spring), 15, 2908–2911.
Iliadou, A., Snieder, H., Wang, X., Treiber, F. A., & Davis, C. L. (2005). Heritabilities of lipids in young European American and African American twins. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 8, 492–498.
Kavey, R. E. W., Allada, V., Daniels, S. R., Hayman, L. L., McCrindle, B. W., Newburger, J. W., . . . Steinberger, J. (2007). Cardiovascular risk reduction in high-risk pediatric patients: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Expert Panel on population and prevention science; the Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in the young, epidemiology and prevention, nutrition, physical activity and metabolism, high blood pressure research, cardiovascular nursing, and the kidney in heart disease; and the interdisciplinary working group on quality of care and outcomes research. The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 22, 218–253.
Lajunen, H. R., Kaprio, J., Keski-Rahkonen, A., Rose, R. J., Pulkkinen, L., Rissanen, A., & Silventoinen, K. (2009). Genetic and environmental effects on body mass index during adolescence: a prospective study among Finnish twins. International Journal of Obesity, 33, 559–567.
Li, L. M., Gao, W. J., Yu, C. Q., Lv, J., Cao, W. H., Zhan, S. Y., . . . Hu, Y. H. (2013). The Chinese National Twin Registry: An update. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 16, 86–90.
Lobstein, T., Baur, L., & Uauy, R. (2004). Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obesity Reviews, 5, 4–104.
Lozano, R., Naghavi, M., Foreman, K., Lim, S., Shibuya, K., Aboyans, V., . . . Memish, Z. A. (2012). Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: Asystematic analysis for the Global Burden Of Disease Study 2010. Lancet, 380, 2095–2128.
Ma, H. M., Chen, S. K., Chen, R. M., Zhu, C., Xiong, F., Li, T., . . . Du, M. L. (2011). Pubertal development timing in urban Chinese boys. International Journal of Andrology, 34, e435–445.
Ma, H. M., Du, M. L., Luo, X. P., Chen, S. K., Liu, L., Chen, R. M., . . . Liu, G. L. (2009). Onset of breast and pubic hair development and menses in urban Chinese girls. Pediatrics, 124, e269–277.
Nelson, T. L., Vogler, G. P., Pedersen, N. L., & Miles, T. P. (1999). Genetic and environmental influences on waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference in an older Swedish twin population. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 23, 449–455.
Ortega-Alonso, A., Pietiläinen, K. H., Silventoinen, K., Saarni, S. E., & Kaprio, J. (2012). Genetic and environmental factors influencing BMI development from adolescence to young adulthood. Behavior Genetics, 42, 73–85.
Pang, Z. C., Ning, F., Unger, J., Johnson, C. A., Wang, S. J., Guo, Q., . . . Lee, L. M. (2006). The Qingdao Twin Registry: A focus on chronic disease research. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 9, 758–762.
Posthuma, D., Beem, A. L., de Geus, E. J. C., van Baal, G. C. M., von Hjelmborg, J. B., Iachine, I., & Boomsma, D. I. (2003). Theory and practice in quantitative genetics. Twin Research, 6, 361–376.
Povel, C. M., Boer, J. M. A., & Feskens, E. J. M. (2011). Shared genetic variance between the features of the metabolic syndrome: Heritability studies. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 104, 666–669.
Schieken, R. M., Eaves, L. J., Hewitt, J. K., Mosteller, M., Bodurtha, J. N., Moskowitz, W. B., & Nance, W. E. (1989). Univariate genetic analysis of blood pressure in children (the Medical College of Virginia Twin Study). The American Journal of Cardiology, 64, 1333–1337.
Silventoinen, K., Rokholm, B., Kaprio, J., & Sørensen, T. I. A. (2010). The genetic and environmental influences on childhood obesity: A systematic review of twin and adoption studies. International Journal of Obesity, 34, 29–40.
Snieder, H., Harshfield, G. A., & Treiber, F. A. (2003). Heritability of blood pressure and hemodynamics in African- and European-American youth. Hypertension, 41, 1196–1201.
Srinivasan, S. R., Frerichs, R. R., Webber, L. S., & Berenson, G. S. (1976). Serum lipoprotein profile in children from a biracial community: The Bogalusa Heart Study. Circulation, 54, 309–318.
Steinberger, J., & Daniels, S. R. (2003). Obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk in children: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement from the Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young Committee (Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young) and the Diabetes Committee (Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism). Circulation, 107, 1448–1453.
Sung, J., Lee, K., & Song, Y. M. (2009). Heritabilities of the metabolic syndrome phenotypes and related factors in Korean Twins. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 94, 4946–4952.
Weinberg, R., Webber, L. S., & Berenson, G. S.(1982). Hereditary and environmental influences on cardiovascular risk factors for children: The Bogalusa Heart Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 116, 385–393.
Wu, T., Snieder, H., Li, L., Cao, W., Zhan, S., Lv, J., . . . Hu, Y. (2011). Genetic and environmental influences on blood pressure and body mass index in Han Chinese: A twin study. Hypertension Research, 34, 173–179.
Wu, T., Treiber, F. A., & Snieder, H. (2013). Genetic influence on blood pressure and underlying hemodynamics measured at rest and during stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 75, 404–412.
Yang, H.Y, Li, X. H., Cao, W. H., Lu, J., Wang, T., Zhan, S. Y., . . . Li, L. M. (2002). Chinese National Twin Registry as a resource for genetic epidemiologic studies of common and complex diseases in China. Twin Research, 5, 347–351.
Yusuf, S., & Bosch, J. (2002). Urate levels as a predictor of cardiac deaths: Causal relation or mere association?
European Heart Journal, 23, 760–761.
Zhang, S. C., Liu, X., Yu, Y. X., Hong, X. M., Christoffel, K. K., Wang, B. Y., . . . Tang, G. F. (2009). Genetic and environmental contributions to phenotypic components of metabolic syndrome: a population-based twin study. Obesity, 17, 1581–1587.