Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Dietary Patterns and Heritability of Food Choice in a UK Female Twin Cohort

  • Birgit Teucher (a1), Jane Skinner (a2), Paula M. L. Skidmore (a3), Aedin Cassidy (a4), Susan J. Fairweather-Tait (a5), Lee Hooper (a6), Mark A. Roe (a7), Robert Foxall (a8), Sarah L. Oyston (a9), Lynn F. Cherkas (a10), Ursula C. Perks (a11), Tim D. Spector (a12) and Alex J. MacGregor (a13)...

Abstract

To examine the contribution of genetic factors to food choice, we determined dietary patterns from food frequency questionnaires in 3262 UK female twins aged 18 to 79 years. Five distinct dietary patterns were identified (fruit and vegetable, high alcohol, traditional English, dieting, low meat) that accounted for 22% of the total variance. These patterns are similar to those found in other singleton Western populations, and were related to body mass index, smoking status, physical activity and deprivation scores. Older subjects had higher scores on the fruit and vegetable and traditional English patterns, while lower social deprivation was associated with higher scores for fruit and vegetable, and lower scores for traditional English patterns. All 5 patterns were heritable, with estimates ranging from 41% to 48%. Among individual dietary components, a strongly heritable component was identified for garlic (46%), coffee (41%), fruit and vegetable sources (49%), and red meat (39%). Our results indicate that genetic factors have an important influence in determining food choice and dietary habits in Western populations. The relatively high heritability of specific dietary components implicates taste perception as a possible target for future genetic studies.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Dietary Patterns and Heritability of Food Choice in a UK Female Twin Cohort
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Dietary Patterns and Heritability of Food Choice in a UK Female Twin Cohort
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Dietary Patterns and Heritability of Food Choice in a UK Female Twin Cohort
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Address for correspondence: Professor Alex MacGregor, School of Medicine, Health Policy & Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.

Dietary Patterns and Heritability of Food Choice in a UK Female Twin Cohort

  • Birgit Teucher (a1), Jane Skinner (a2), Paula M. L. Skidmore (a3), Aedin Cassidy (a4), Susan J. Fairweather-Tait (a5), Lee Hooper (a6), Mark A. Roe (a7), Robert Foxall (a8), Sarah L. Oyston (a9), Lynn F. Cherkas (a10), Ursula C. Perks (a11), Tim D. Spector (a12) and Alex J. MacGregor (a13)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed