Hirayasu, Y, Shenton, ME, Salisbury, DF, Dickey, CC, Fischer, IA, Mazzoni, P, et al. Lower left temporal lobe MRI volumes in
patients with first-episode schizophrenia compared with psychotic
patients with first-episode affective disorder and normal
subjects. Am J Psychiatry
1998; 155: 1384–91.
Keshavan, MS, Haas, GL, Kahn, CE, Aguilar, E, Dick, EL, Schooler, NR, et al. Superior temporal gyrus and the course of
early schizophrenia: progressive, static, or reversible?
J Psychiatr Res
1998; 32: 161–7.
Kim, JJ, Crespo-Facorro, B, Andreasen, NC, O'Leary, DS, Magnotta, V, Nopoulos, P. Morphology of the lateral superior temporal gyrus in
neuroleptic naive patients with schizophrenia: relationship to
symptoms. Schizophr Res
2003; 60: 173–81.
Hirayasu, Y, McCarley, RW, Salisbury, DF, Tanaka, S, Kwon, JS, Frumin, M, et al. Planum temporale and Heschl gyrus volume
reduction in schizophrenia: a magnetic resonance imaging study of
first-episode patients. Arch Gen
2000; 57: 692–9.
Kasai, K, Shenton, ME, Salisbury, DF, Hirayasu, Y, Onitsuka, T, Spencer, MH, et al. Progressive decrease of left Heschl gyrus and
planum temporale gray matter volume in first-episode schizophrenia: a
longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study.
Arch Gen Psychiatry
2003; 60: 766–75.
Yung, AR, Phillips, LJ, Yuen, HP, Francey, SM, McFarlane, CA, Hallgren, M, et al. Psychosis prediction: 12-month follow up of a
high-risk (‘prodromal’) group. Schizophr
Yung, AR, Phillips, LJ, Yuen, HP, McGorry, PD. Risk factors for psychosis in an ultra high-risk
group: psychopathology and clinical features.
2004; 67: 131–42.
Pantelis, C, Velakoulis, D, McGorry, PD, Wood, SJ, Suckling, J, Phillips, LJ, et al. Neuroanatomical abnormalities before and
after onset of psychosis: a cross-sectional and longitudinal MRI
2003; 361: 281–8.
Borgwardt, SJ, Riecher-Rössler, A, Dazzan, P, Chitnis, X, Aston, J, Drewe, M, et al. Regional gray matter volume abnormalities in
the at risk mental state. Biol
2007; 61: 1148–56.
Crum, WR, Griffin, LD, Hill, DL, Hawkes, DJ. Zen and the art of medical image registration:
correspondence, homology, and quality.
2003; 20: 1425–37.
Rajarethinam, R, Sahni, S, Rosenberg, DR, Keshavan, MS. Reduced superior temporal gyrus volume in young
offspring of patients with schizophrenia. Am J
2004; 161: 1121–4.
Takahashi, T, Wood, SJ, Yung, A, Soulsby, B, McGorry, PD, Suzuki, M, et al. Progressive gray matter reduction of the
superior temporal gyrus during transition to psychosis.
Arch Gen Psychiatry
2009; 66: 366–76.
Nelson, HE, O'Connell, A. Dementia: the estimation of premorbid intelligence
levels using the New Adult Reading Test.
1978; 14: 234–44.
Yung, AR, Phillips, LJ, McGorry, PD. Treating Schizophrenia in the Prodromal Phase.
Taylor & Francis,
Rhoades, HM, Overall, JE. The semistructured BPRS interview and rating
guide. Psychopharmacol Bull
1988; 24: 101–4.
Andreasen, NC. The Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms
(SANS). University of Iowa,
Maxwell, ME. Family Interview for Genetic Studies (FIGS): A Manual for
FIGS. Clinical Neurogentics Branch, Intramural
Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health,
Yung, AR, Yuen, HP, McGorry, PD, Phillips, LJ, Kelly, D, Dell'Olio, M, et al. Mapping the onset of psychosis: the
Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States.
Aust N Z J Psychiatry
2005; 39: 964–71.
First, MB, Spitzer, RL, Gibbon, M, Williams, JB. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM–IV Axis I
Disorders. American Psychiatric
American Psychiatric Association. Quick Reference
to the Diagnostic Criteria From DSM–IV.
Eritaia, J, Wood, SJ, Stuart, GW, Bridle, N, Dudgeon, P, Maruff, P, et al. An optimized method for estimating
intracranial volume from magnetic resonance images.
Magn Reson Med
2000; 44: 973–7.
Takahashi, T, Suzuki, M, Zhou, SY, Tanino, R, Hagino, H, Kawasaki, Y, et al. Morphologic alterations of the parcellated
superior temporal gyrus in schizophrenia spectrum.
2006; 83: 131–43.
Meisenzahl, EM, Koutsouleris, N, Bottlender, R, Scheuerecker, J, Jäger, M, Teipel, SJ, et al. Structural brain alterations in subjects at
high-risk of psychosis: a voxel-based morphometric study.
2008; 102: 150–62.
Takahashi, T, Wood, SJ, Soulsby, B, Kawasaki, Y, McGorry, PD, Suzuki, M, et al. An MRI study of the superior temporal
subregions in first-episode patients with various psychotic
disorders. Schizophr Res
2009; 113: 158–66.
Borgwardt, SJ, McGuire, PK, Aston, J, Berger, G, Dazzan, P, Gschwandtner, U, et al. Structural brain abnormalities in individuals
with an at-risk mental state who later develop psychosis.
Br J Psychiatry
2007; 191 (suppl 51):
Pantelis, C, Yucel, M, Wood, SJ, Velakoulis, D, Sun, D, Berger, G, et al. Structural brain imaging evidence for
multiple pathological processes at different stages of brain development
in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull
2005; 31: 672–96.
Job, DE, Whalley, HC, McConnell, S, Glabus, M, Johnstone, EC, Lawrie, SM. Voxel-based morphometry of grey matter densities in
subjects at high risk of schizophrenia. Schizophr
Pantelis, C, Velakoulis, D, Wood, SJ, Yücel, M, Yung, AR, Phillips, LJ, et al. Neuroimaging and emerging psychotic
disorders: the Melbourne ultra-high risk studies.
Int Rev Psychiatry
2007; 19: 371–81.
Barta, PE, Pearlson, GD, Powers, RE, Richards, SS, Tune, LE. Auditory hallucinations and smaller superior
temporal gyral volume in schizophrenia. Am J
1990; 147: 1457–62.
Shenton, ME, Kikinis, R, Jolesz, FA, Pollak, SD, LeMay, M, Wible, CG, et al. Abnormalities of the left temporal lobe and
thought disorder in schizophrenia. A quantitative magnetic resonance
imaging study. N Engl J Med
1992; 327: 604–12.
Gallagher, HL, Frith, CD. Functional imaging of ‘theory of
mind’. Trends Cogn Sci
McGorry, PD, Hickie, IB, Yung, AR, Pantelis, C, Jackson, HJ. Clinical staging of psychiatric disorders: a
heuristic framework for choosing earlier, safer and more effective
interventions. Aust N Z J Psychiatry
2006; 40: 616–22.
Garner, B, Pariante, CM, Wood, SJ, Velakoulis, D, Phillips, L, Soulsby, B, et al. Pituitary volume predicts future transition
to psychosis in individuals at ultra-high risk of developing
psychosis. Biol Psychiatry
2005; 58: 417–23.
Fornito, A, Yung, AR, Wood, SJ, Phillips, LJ, Nelson, B, Cotton, S, et al. Anatomic abnormalities of the anterior
cingulate cortex before psychosis onset: an MRI study of ultra-high-risk
individuals. Biol Psychiatry
2008; 64: 758–65.
Walterfang, M, Yung, A, Wood, AG, Reutens, DC, Phillips, L, Wood, SJ, et al. Corpus callosum shape alterations in
individuals prior to the onset of psychosis.
Scherk, H, Falkai, P. Effects of antipsychotics on brain
structure. Curr Opin Psychiatry
2006; 19: 145–50.
Yücel, M, Solowij, N, Respondek, C, Whittle, S, Fornito, A, Pantelis, C, et al. Regional brain abnormalities associated with
long-term heavy cannabis use. Arch Gen
Maier, W, Zobel, A, Wagner, M. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: differences and
overlaps. Curr Opin Psychiatry
2006; 19: 165–70.