Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Some Electrophysiological Observations in Obsessional States

  • K. T. Ciesielski (a1), H. R. Beech (a2) and P. K. Gordon (a2)

Summary

Averaged evoked potentials were recorded from a group of obsessional patients and matched normal controls for three types of visual stimulation: passive monitoring of a light flash, a pattern consisting of gratings and a cognitive task involving discrimination of two similar shapes. As the complexity of information processing required by the tasks increased, differences in the evoked potentials of obsessionals became more marked. The main finding was of faster latency and reduced amplitude of the component in the cognitive task. The relevance of this finding to a theory of obsessional disorder is discussed.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Abadi, R. V. Carden, D. & Simpson, J. (1979) Controlling abnormal eye movements. Vision Research, 19, 961963.
Beech, H. R. (1971) Ritualistic activity in obsessional patients. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 15, 417422.
Beech, H. R. (1974) Obsessional States. London: Methuen.
Beech, H. R. (1978) Advances in the treatment of obsessional neurosis. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, January 1978, 5459.
Beech, H. R. & Perigault, J. (1974) Towards a theory of obsessional disorder. In Obsessional States, (ed. Beech, H. R.). London: Methuen.
Beech, H. R. & Vaughan, C. M. (1979) The Behavioural Treatment of Obsessional States. London: Wiley.
Ciesielski, K. T. & French, C. (1980) N2 lateralisation in dextrals and nonfamilial sinistrals. Manuscript, U.M.I.S.T.
Courchesne, E. (1978) Neurophysiological correlates of cognitive development changes in long-latency event-related potentials from childhood to adulthood. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 45, 468482.
Dongier, M. (1973) Clinical applications of the CNV—A Review. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology Supplement 33, 309315.
Flor-Henry, P. Yeudall, L. T. Koles, Z. J. & Howarth, B. G. (1979) Neuropsychological and power spectral EEG investigations of the obsessive-compulsive syndrome. Biological Psychiatry, 14, 119130.
Grimshaw, L. (1964) Obsessional disorder and neurological illness. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 27, 229231.
Halliday, A. M. (1975) The effect of lesions of the visual pathway and cerebrum on the visual evoked response. In Evoked Potentials (eds. Van Leeuwen, W. S. Lopes da Silva, F. M. and Kamp, A.). Handbook, of Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 8a, 119129.
Halliday, A. M. (1978) New developments in the clinical application of evoked potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology Supplement No. 34, 104118.
Harris, A. J. (1958) Harris Tests of Lateral Dominance (3rd Ed.). New York: Psychological Corporation.
Hartline, H. K. Wagner, H. G. & Ratcliffe, F. (1956) Inhibition in the eye of limulus. Journal of General Physiology, 39, 651673.
Jane, J. A. Smirnov, G. D. & Jasper, H. H. (1962) Effect of distraction upon simultaneous auditory and visual evoked potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 14, 344358.
Jasper, H. H. (1958) Report of the committee on methods of clinical examinations in electroencephalography. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 10, 370375.
Jeffreys, D. A. (1977) The physiological significance of pattern visual evoked potentials. In Visual Evoked Potentials in Man. New Developments, (ed. Desmedt, J. E.). Oxford University Press, 134167.
Kulikowski, J. J. & Kozak, W. (1967) ERG and visual evoked responses on pattern detection in man. In Advances in Electrophysiology and Pathology of the Visual System. Leipzig, VEB G Thieme.
Nevskaya, A. A. (1974) Contour interaction in visual masking. In Visual Information Processing, (eds. Bakalska, V. and Glezer, V. D.). Sofia, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 6369.
Perris, C. (1974) Averaged evoked responses (AER) in patients with affective disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplement 255, 8998.
Ritter, W. Simpson, R. Vaughan, H. G. Jr. & Friedman, D. (1979) A brain event related to the making of a sensory discrimination. Science, 203, 13581361.
Saletu, B. Itil, T. M. & Saleth, M. (1971) Auditory evoked response, EEG and thought process in schizophrenics. American Journal of Psychiatry, 128, 336344.
Shagass, C. & Schwartz, M. (1965) Visual cerebral evoked response characteristics in a psychiatric population. American Journal of Psychiatry, 121, 979987.
Shagass, C. Straumanis, J. J. Jr., Roemer, R. A. & Amadeo, M. (1977) Evoked potential of schizophrenics in several sensory modalities. Biological Psychiatry, 12, 221235.
Villa, J. & Beech, H. R. (1977) Vulnerability and conditioning in relation to the human menstrual cycle. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 16, 6975.
Villa, J. & Beech, H. R. (1978) Vulnerability and defensive reactions in relation to the human menstrual cycle. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 17, 93100.
Walter, W. G. (1966) Electrophysiologic contributions to psychiatric therapy. In Current Psychiatric Therapies, (ed. Masserman, J. H.). New York, Grune and Stratton, pp 1325.
Yaryura-Tobias, J. A. Bebirian, R. R. Nziroglu, F. A. & Bhagavan, H. N. (1977) Obsessive-compulsive disorders as a serotonergic defect. Research in Community Psychology, Psychiatry and Behaviour, 2, 279.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Some Electrophysiological Observations in Obsessional States

  • K. T. Ciesielski (a1), H. R. Beech (a2) and P. K. Gordon (a2)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *