American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM-IV). APA.
Andrews, B., Qian, M. & Valentine, J. D. (2002) Predicting depressive symptoms with a new measure of shame: the Experience of Shame Scale. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41, 29–42.
Banerjee, P., Duggan, C., Huband, N., et al (2006) Brief psycho-education for people with personality disorder – a pilot study. Psychology and Psychotherapy, 79, 385–394.
Bateman, A. & Fonagy, P. (1999) Effectiveness of partial hospitalization in the treatment of borderline personality disorder: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1563–1569.
Begg, C., Cho, M., Eastwood, S., et al (1996) Improving the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials: the CONSORT statement. JAMA, 276, 637–639.
Benjamin, L. S. (1993) Interpersonal Diagnosis and Treatment of Personality Disorders. Guilford Press.
Bernstein, E. M. & Putnam, F. W. (1986) Development, reliability and validation of a dissociation scale. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 178, 448–454.
Blum, N., Pfohl, B., John, D. S., et al (2002) STEPPS: a cognitive-behavioral systems-based group treatment for outpatients with borderline personality disorder – a preliminary report. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 43, 301–310.
D'Zurilla, T. J. & Nezu, A. M. (1999) Problem Solving Therapy: A Social Competence Approach to Clinical Intervention (3rd edn). Springer.
D'Zurilla, T. J., Nezu, A. M. & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2002) Manual for the Social Problem-Solving Inventory- Revised. Multi-Health Systems.
Faul, F. & Erdinger, E. (1992) GPOWER: A Priori, Post-hoc, and Compromise Power Analyses for MS-DOS [computer program]. Bonn University.
Garfield, S. L. (1986) Research on client variables in psychotherapy. In Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change (3rd edn) (eds Garfield, S. L. & Bergin, A. E.), pp. 213–256. John Wiley & Sons.
Gunderson, J. G., Frank, A. F., Ronningstam, E. F., et al (1989) Early discontinuance of borderline patients from psychotherapy. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 177, 38–42.
Hotopf, M., Churchill, R. & Lewis, G. (1999) Pragmatic randomised controlled trials in psychiatry. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 217–223.
Karterud, S., Vaglum, S., Friis, S., et al (1992) Day hospital therapeutic community treatment for patients with personality disorders. An empirical evaluation of the containment function. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 180, 238–243.
McMurran, M., Richardson, C., Egan, V., et al (1999) Social problem-solving in mentally disordered offenders: abrief report. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 9, 315–322.
McMurran, M., Fyffe, S., McCarthy, L., et al (2001) ‘Stop & Think!’ Social problem solving therapy with personality disordered offenders. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 11, 273–285.
Patton, J. H., Stanford, M. S. & Barratt, E. S. (1995) Factor structure of the Barratt impulsiveness scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 768–774.
R Development Core Team (2005) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. http://www.r-project.org
Salkovskis, P. M., Atha, C. & Storer, D. (1990) Cognitive-behavioural problem solving in the treatment of patients who repeatedly attempt suicide. A controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 871–876.
Skodol, A. E., Buckley, P. & Charles, E. (1983) Is there a characteristic pattern to the treatment history of clinic outpatients with borderline personality?
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 171, 405–410.
Skodol, A. E., Pagano, M. E., Bender, D. S., et al (2005) Stability of functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder over two years. Psychological Medicine, 35, 443–451.
Smith, T. E., Koenigsberg, H. W., Yeomans, F., et al (1995) Predictors of dropout in psychodynamic psychotherapy of borderline personality disorder. Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research, 4, 205–213.
Spielberger, C. D. (1999) STAXI-2: State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2. Psychological Assessment Resources.
Thormahlen, B., Weinryb, R. M., Noren, K., et al (2003) Patient factors predicting dropout from supportive-expressive psychotherapy for patients with personality disorders. Psychotherapy Research, 13, 493–509.
Tyrer, P., Nur, U., Crawford, M., et al (2005) The Social Functioning Questionnaire: a rapid and robust measure of perceived functioning. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 51, 265–275.
Tyrer, P. & Simmonds, S. (2003) Treatment models for those with severe mental illness and comorbid personality disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 182, 15–18.
Vaillant, G. E. (1987) A developmental view of old and new perspectives of personality disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders, 1, 146–156.
Waldinger, R. J. & Gunderson, J. G. (1984) Completed psychotherapies with borderline patients. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 38, 190–202.
World Health Organization (1995) International Personality Disorder Examination. WHO.