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Slovenia: difficulties and strengths of psychiatric research in a small country

  • Mojca Z. Dernovsek (a1) and Rok Tavcar (a2)

Extract

With a population of nearly 2 000 000 and an area of about 20 000 km2, Slovenia is a heterogeneous European country that extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the Alps. Slovenian political history dates back to the 6th century, when the first free principality of the ancient Slovenians was established – Caranthania – famous for its democratic institutions, legal system, popular elections of dukes and progressive legal rights for women. From the 13th century until 1918, Slovenians were ruled by the Habsburgs. After 1918, Slovenia became a part of Yugoslavia and again enjoyed a considerable degree of autonomy. But as the political and economic crisis of Yugoslavia worsened, at the plebiscite in December 1990 87% of the voting population voted in favour of sovereignty. Thus, Slovenia declared its independence on 25 June 1991, and became a member of the United Nations in May 1992. Until the Second World War the psychiatric tradition in Slovenia was German. Afterwards, the Anglo-Saxon tradition has gradually entered Slovene psychiatry.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Dr Rok Tavcar, University Psychiatric Hospital, Studenec 48, S1-1260 Ljubljana-Polje, Slovenia. Tel: +386 1 5872 312; Fax: +386 1 5284 618; e-mail: rok.tavcar@mf.uni-lj.si

References

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Dernovsek, Z. & Tavcar, R. (1997) Risperidoneinduced leucopenia and neutropenia (letter). British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 393394.
Dernovsek, M. Z. Prevolnik-Rupel, V. Rebolj, M. et al (2001) Quality of life and treatment costs in schizophrenic outpatients, treated with depot neuroleptics. European Psychiatry, 16, 474482.
Marusic, A. Tavcar, R. Dernovsek, M. et al (2002) Comparison of psychiatric inpatient suicides with suicides completed in the surrounding community. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 56, 335338.
Marusic, A. Landau, S. & Tomori, M. (2003) Long-term trends, seasonality, weekly distribution, and methods of suicide in Slovenia: comparison between the younger and older population. Archives of Suicide Research, 7, 135143.
Mlakar, J. Jensterle, J. & Frith, C. D. (1994) Central monitoring deficiency and schizophrenic symptoms. Psychological Medicine, 24, 557564.
Novak-Grubic, V. & Tavcar, R. (2002) Predictors of noncompliance in males with first-episode schizophrenia, schizophreniform and schizoaffective disorder. European Psychiatry, 17, 148154.
Steblaj, A. Tavcar, R. & Dernovsek, M. Z. (1999) Predictors of suicide in psychiatric hospital. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 100, 383388.
Tavcar, R. & Dernovsek, M. Z. (1997) Recidivism in Slovenia. Psychiatric Services, 48, 955956.
Tavcar, R. & Dernovsek, M. Z. & Zvan, V. (2000) Choosing antipsychotic maintenance therapy. A naturalistic study. Pharmacopsychiatry, 33, 6670.
Tavcar, R. & Dernovsek, M. Z. Novak-Grubic, V. et al (2002) Slovenian guidelines form anagement of violence in psychiatric hospitals. In Management Strategies and Guidelines (eds Palmstierna, T. & Nyman, G.), pp. 510. Stockholm: Prevention and Treatment of Aggression.

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Slovenia: difficulties and strengths of psychiatric research in a small country

  • Mojca Z. Dernovsek (a1) and Rok Tavcar (a2)

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Slovenia: difficulties and strengths of psychiatric research in a small country

  • Mojca Z. Dernovsek (a1) and Rok Tavcar (a2)
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