Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Sex Differences in the Differentiation of Psychiatric Symptomatology

  • M. E. Briscoe (a1), J. L. Vázquez-Barquero (a2), P. Williams (a1), J. F. Diez-Manrique (a2) and C. Peña (a2)...

Abstract

A study was conducted using data obtained from the first stage of a community survey in Spain, in which the 60-item version of the GHQ was administered to 1224 adults. Three hypotheses concerning respondents aged under 55 years were tested. The first was that in the context of a principal-components analysis, a greater proportion of the explained variance would be accounted for by the first (general) factor in women than in men. This was supported. The second hypothesis was that the intercorrelations between the GHQ-28 subscales would be greater for women than for men. This was refuted. The third hypothesis was that the differentiation between anxiety and depression would be greater in men than in women. This was supported. The differences investigated were found not to apply among respondents aged 55 years and over.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anastasi, A. (1985) Reciprocal relations between cognitive and affective development – with implications for sex differences. In Nebraska Symposium on Motivation 1984: Psychology and Gender (ed. Sonderegger, T. B.). Lincoln/London: University of Nebraska Press.
Briscoe, M. E. (1980) Sex Differences in Psychological Well-Being. PhD thesis, University of London.
Briscoe, M. E. (1982) Sex Differences in Psychological Well-Being . Psychological Medicine, Monograph Supplement 1.
Briscoe, M. E. (1987) Why do people go to the doctor? Sex differences in the correlates of GP consultation. Social Science and Medicine, 25, 507513.
Fisher, R. A. (1928) Statistical Methods for Research Workers, 2nd edn. London: Oliver & Boyd.
Goldberg, D. (1972) The Detection of Psychiatric Illness by Questionnaire. London: Oxford University Press.
Goldberg, D. (1978) Manual of the General Health Questionnaire. Windsor: NFER Publishing Company.
Goldberg, D. & Hiller, V. F. (1979) A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire. Psychological Medicine, 9, 139145.
Goldstein, K. M. & Blackman, S. (1978) Cognitive Style: Five Approaches and Relevant Research. New York: Wiley.
Halpern, D. F. (1986) Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities. Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Maocoby, E. E. & Jacklin, C. N. (1975) The Psychology of Sex Differences. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Parkes, K. M. (1961) Field dependence and the differentiation of affective states. British Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 5258.
Parkes, K. M. (1982) Field dependence and the factor structure of the General Health Questionnaire in normal subjects. British Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 392400.
Vázquez-Barquero, J. L., Diez-Manrique, J. F., Pena, C., et al (1986) Two-stage design in a community survey. British Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 8897.
Vázquez-Barquero, J. L., Diez-Manrique, J. F., Pena, C., et al (1987) A community mental health survey in Cantabria: a general description of morbidity. Psychological Medicine, 17, 227242.
Witkin, H. A. (1965) Psychological differentiation and forms of pathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 70, 317336.
Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., et al (1971) A Manual for the Embedded Figures Tests. Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Witkin, H. A., Goodenough, D. R. & Oltman, P. K. (1979) Psychological differentiation: current status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 11271145.

Sex Differences in the Differentiation of Psychiatric Symptomatology

  • M. E. Briscoe (a1), J. L. Vázquez-Barquero (a2), P. Williams (a1), J. F. Diez-Manrique (a2) and C. Peña (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.

Sex Differences in the Differentiation of Psychiatric Symptomatology

  • M. E. Briscoe (a1), J. L. Vázquez-Barquero (a2), P. Williams (a1), J. F. Diez-Manrique (a2) and C. Peña (a2)...
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *