Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Sex Chromosome Abnormalities, Homosexuality and Psychological Treatment

  • A. Orwin (a1), Sheelah R. N. James (a1) and R. Keith Turner (a1)

Extract

The theory that some male homosexuals might have female chromosomal constitution (Lang, 1940) became untenable when techniques for studying sex chromosomes were developed. Amongst others the work of Pare (1956) and Raboch and Nedoma (1958) showed that male homosexuals had normal male chromosomes. The latter authors in the same study also reported on 36 male patients with a female type of sex chromatin (i.e. chromatin positive) and could not detect any homosexual orientation: 32 were definitely heterosexual and the remaining 4 were considered ‘infantile’, They assumed that the finding of a chromatin-positive homosexual would be coincidental and that there was no causal relationship between this sex chromosome abnormality and homosexuality. Money and Pollitt (1964) searched for a genotypical abnormality in a related psychosexual disorder, namely transsexualism, but although they collected six cases in the literature where Klinefelter's syndrome and transsexualism occurred together, the correlation was not statistically significant. In fact, it would now appear to be established that there is no specific correlation between sex chromosome abnormality and psychosexual disorders (Slater and Cowie, 1971).

Copyright

References

Hide All
Armstrong, C. N. (1968). ‘Intersexuality.’ Hospital Medicine, 2, No. 6, 667–74.
Davidson, W. M., and Winn, S. (1959). ‘The relationship between genetic, nuclear and social sex.’ Postgraduate Medical Journal, 35, 494500.
Hunter, H. (1969). ‘A controlled study of the psycho-pathology and physical measurements of Klinefelter's syndrome.’ British Journal of Psychiatry, 115, 443–8.
Lang, T. (1940). ‘Studies on the genetic determination of homosexuality.’ Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 92 5564
MacCulloch, M. J., and Feldman, M. P. (1967). ‘Aversion therapy in management of 43 homosexuals.’ British Medical Journal, 2, 594–7.
Money, J. (1963). ‘Cytogenetic and psychosexual incongruities with a note on spaceform blindness.’ American Journal of Psychiatry, 119, 820–7.
Money, J. and Pollitt, E. (1964). ‘Cytogenetic and psychosexual ambiguity: Klinefelter's syndrome and transvestism compared.’ Archives of General Psychiatry, 11, 589–95
Mosier, H. D., Scott, L. W., and Dingman, H. F. (1960). ‘Sexually deviant behaviour in Klinefelter's syndrome.’ Journal of Pediatrics, 57, 479–83.
Pare, C. M. B. (1956). ‘Homosexuality and chromosomal sex.’ Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 1, 247–51.
Pasqualini, R. Q., Vidal, G., and Bur, G. E. (1957). ‘Psychopathology of Klinefelter's syndrome: review of 31 cases.’ Lancet, ii, 164–7.
Raboch, J., and Nedoma, K. (1958). ‘Sex chromatin and sexual behavior: a study of 36 men with female nuclear pattern and of 194 homosexuals.’ Psychosomatic Medicine, 20, 55–9.
Slater, E., and Cowie, V. (1971). ‘Sex chromosome anomalies’, in The Genetics of Mental Disorders, chapter 15, pp. 317–19. London: Oxford University Press.
A synopsis of this paper was published in the August 1973 Journal.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Sex Chromosome Abnormalities, Homosexuality and Psychological Treatment

  • A. Orwin (a1), Sheelah R. N. James (a1) and R. Keith Turner (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *