American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) . Washington, DC: APA.
Boardman, A. P. (1987) The General Health Questionnaire and the detection of emotional disorder by general practitioners. A replicated study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 373–381.
Bridges, K. W. & Goldberg, D. P. (1985) Somatic presentation of DSM–III psychiatric disorders in primary care. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 29, 563–569.
Coyne, J. C., Schwenk, T. L. & Fechner-Bates, S. (1995) Non-detection of depression by primary care physicians reconsidered. General Hospital Psychiatry, 17, 3–12.
Docherty, J. D. (1997) Barriers to the diagnosis of depression in primary care. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Dowrick, C. F. (1995) Case or continuum? Analysing general practitioners' ability to detect depression. Primary Care Psychiatry, 1, 255–257.
Goldberg, D. & Huxley, P. (1992) Common Mental Disorders. A Bio-Social Model.
Goldberg, D. & Lecrubier, Y. (1995) Form and frequency of mental disorders across centres. In Mental Illness in General Health Care (eds Üstün, T. B. & Sartorius, N.), pp. 323–334. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Goldberg, D., Steele, J. J., Johnson, A., et al (1982) Ability of primary care physicians to make accurate ratings of psychiatric symptoms. Archives of General Psychiatry, 39, 829–833.
Jarman, B. (1983) Identification of underprivileged areas. BMJ, 286, 1705–1709.
Judd, L. L., Paulus, M. P., Wells, K. B., et al (1996) Socio-economic burden of sub–syndromal depressive symptoms and major depression in a sample of the general population. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 1411–1417
Katona, C., Free ling, P., Hinchcliffe, K., et al (1995) Recognition and management of depression in late life in general practice: consensus statement. Primary Care Psychiatry
Kirmayer, L. J., Robbins, J. M., Dworkind, M., et al (1993) Somatization and the recognition of depression and anxiety in primary care. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 734–741.
Klinkman, M. S. (1997) Competing demands in psychosocial care. A model for the identification and treatment of depressive disorders in primary care. General Hospital Psychiatry, 19
Kraemer, H. C. (1988) Assessment of 2 × 2 associations: generalization of signal-detection methodology. American Statistician, 42, 37–49.
Marks, J. N., Goldberg, D. P. & Hillier, V. F. (1979) Determinants of the ability of general practitioners to detect psychiatric illness. Psychological Medicine, 9, 337–353.
Odell, S. M., Surtees, P. G., Wainwright, N. W. J., et al (1997) Determinants of general practitioner recognition of psychological problems in a multi-ethnic inner-city health district. British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 537–541.
Ormel, J. & Tiemens, B. (1995) Recognition and treatment of mental illness in primary care. Towards a better understanding of a multifaceted problem. General Hospital Psychiatry, 17, 160–164.
Ormel, J., Van Den Brink, W., Koeter, M. W. J., et al (1990) Recognition, management and outcome of psychological disorders in primary care: a naturalistic follow-up study. Psychological Medicine, 20, 909–923.
Ostler, K., Thompson, C., Kinmonth, A.-L. K., et al (2001) Influence of socio-economic deprivation on the prevalence and outcome of depression in primary care. The Hampshire Depression Project. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, 12–17.
Paykel, E. S. & Priest, R. G. (1992) Recognition and management of depression in general practice: consensus statement. BMJ, 305, 1198–1202.
Ronalds, C., Creed, F., Stone, K., et al (1997) Outcome of anxiety and depressive disorders in primary care. British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 427–433.
Sartorius, N., Ustun, T. B., Lecrubier, Y., et al (1996) Depression comorbid with anxiety: Results from the WHO study on psychological disorders in primary health care. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168 (suppl. 30), 38–43.
Simon, G. E. & Von Korff, M. (1995) Recognition, management, and outcomes of depression in primary care. Archives of Family Medicine, 4, 99–105.
Tiemens, B. G., Ormel, J. & Simon, G. E. (1996) Occurrence, recognition, and outcome of psychological disorders in primary care. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 636–644.
Thompson, C. (1999) The Clinical Standards Advisory Group Study of Services for Patients with Depression.
London: Department of Health.
Thompson, C., Kinmonth, A. L., Stevens, L., et al (2000) Randomised-controlled trial of a clinical practice guideline and practice based education on the detection and outcome of depression in primary care; The Hampshire Depression Project. Lancet, 355, 185–191.
Upadhyaya, A. K. & Stanley, I. (1993) Hospital anxiety depression scale. British Journal of General Practice, 43, 349–350.
Von Korff, M., Shapiro, S., Burke, J. D., et al (1987) Anxiety and depression in a primary care clinic. Comparison of diagnostic interview schedule, General Health Questionnaire and practitioner assessments. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 152–156.
Wilkinson, M. J. B. & Barczak, P. (1988) Psychiatric screening in general practice: comparison of the general health questionnaire and the hospital anxiety depression scale. Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, 38, 311–313.
World Health Organization (1992) The ICD–10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders.
Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. P. (1983) The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67, 361–370.