Excess mortality of schizophrenia. A meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatry
1997; 171: 502–8.
Excess mortality of the insane. Acta Psychiatr Scand
1952; 27: 353–67.
Alstrom, CH. Mortality in Mental Hospitals with Especial Regard to Tuberculosis. Munksgaard, 1942.
Cuijpers, P, Smit, F.
Excess mortality in depression: a meta-analysis of community studies. J Affect Disord
2002; 72: 227–36.
Saz, P, Dewey, ME. Depression, depressive symptoms and mortality in persons aged 65 and over living in the community: a systematic review of the literature. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
2001; 16: 622–30.
Wulsin, LR, Vaillant, GE, Wells, VE. A systematic review of the mortality of depression. Psychosom Med
1999; 61: 6–17.
Barth, J, Schumacher, M, Herrman-Lingen, C.
Depression as a risk factor for mortality in patients with coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Psychosom Med
2004; 66: 802–13.
Nicholson, A, Kuper, H, Hemingway, H.
Depression as an aetiologic and prognostic factor in coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of 6362 events among 146 538 participants in 54 observational studies. Eur Heart J
2006; 27: 2763–74.
Sorensen, C, Friis-Hasche, E, Haghfelt, T, Bech, P.
Postmyocardial infarction mortality in relation to depression: a systematic critical review. Psychother Psychosom
2005; 74: 69–80.
Van Melle, JP, de Jonge, P, Spijkerman, TA, Tijssen, JGP, Ormel, J, van Veldhuisen, DJ, et al Prognostic association of depression following myocardial infarction with mortality and cardiovascular events: a meta-analysis. Psychosom Med
2004; 66: 814–22.
Chida, Y, Hamer, M, Wardle, J, Steptoe, A.
Do stress-related psychosocial factors contribute to cancer incidence and survival?
Nat Clin Pract
2008; 5: 466–75.
Pinquart, M, Duberstein, PR. Depression and cancer mortality: a meta-analysis. Psychol Med
2010; 40: 1797–810.
Pan, A, Sun, Q, Okereke, OI, Rexrode, KM, Hu, FB. Depression and risk of stroke morbidity and mortality: a meta-analysis and systematic review. JAMA
2011; 306: 1241–9.
Bruce, DG, Davis, WA, Starkstein, SE, Davis, TME. A prospective study of depression and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes: the Fremantle Diabetes Study. Diabetologia
2005; 48: 2532–9.
Lin, EHB, Heckbert, SR, Rutter, CM, Katon, WJ, Ciechanowski, P, Ludman, EJ, et al Depression and increased mortality in diabetes: unexpected causes of death. Ann Fam Med
2009; 7: 414–21.
Cuijpers, P, Smit, F.
Subthreshold depression as a risk indicator for major depressive disorder: a systematic review of prospective studies. Acta Psychiatr Scand
2004; 109: 325–31.
Rucci, P, Gherardi, S, Tansella, M, Piccinelli, M, Berardi, D, Bisoffi, G, et al Subthreshold psychiatric disorders in primary care: prevalence and associated characteristics. J Affect Disord
2003; 76: 171–81.
Chachamovich, E, Fleck, M, Laidlaw, K, Power, M.
Impact of major depression and subsyndromal symptoms on quality of life and attitudes toward aging in an international sample of older adults. Gerontologist
2008; 48: 593–602.
Goldney, RD, Fisher, LJ, Dal Grande, E, Taylor, AW. Subsyndromal depression: prevalence, use of health services and quality of life in an Australian population. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
2004; 39: 293–8.
Cuijpers, P, Smit, F, Oostenbrink, J, de Graaf, R, ten Have, M, Beekman, A.
Economic costs of minor depression: a population-based study. Acta Psychiatr Scand
2007; 115: 229–36.
Cole, MG. Does depression in older medical inpatients predict mortality? A systematic review. Gen Hosp Psychiatry
2007; 29: 425–30.
Hoodin, F, Weber, S.
A systematic review of psychosocial factors affecting survival after bone marrow transplantation. Psychosomatics
2003; 44: 181–95.
Lawrence, D, Kisely, S, Pais, J.
The epidemiology of excess mortality in people with mental illness. Can J Psychiatry
2010; 55: 752–60.
Rutledge, T, Reis, VA, Linke, SE, Greenberg, BH, Mills, PJ. Depression in heart failure; a meta-analytic review of prevalence, intervention effects, and associations with clinical outcomes. J Am Coll Cardiol
2006; 48: 1527–37.
Satin, JR, Linden, W, Phillips, MJ. Depression as a predictor of disease progression and mortality in cancer patients; a meta-analysis. Cancer
2009; 115: 5349–61.
Schulz, R, Drayer, RA, Rollman, BL. Depression as a risk factor for non-suicide mortality in the elderly. Biol Psychiatry
2002; 52: 205–25.
Van den Akker, MI, Schuurman, AG, Ensinck, KTJL, Buntinx, F.
Depression as a risk factor for total mortality in the community: a meta-analysis. Arch Public Health
2003; 61: 313–32.
Hayden, JA, Cote, P, Bombardier, C.
Evaluation of the quality of prognosis studies in systematic reviews. Ann Intern Med
2006; 144: 427–37.
Higgins, JP, Thompson, SG, Deeks, JJ, Altman, DG. Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses. BMJ
2003; 327: 557–60.
Ioannidis, JPA, Patsopoulos, NA, Evangelou, E.
Uncertainty in heterogeneity estimates in meta-analyses. BMJ
2007; 335: 914–6.
Duval, S, Tweedie, R.
Trim and fill: a simple funnel-plot-based method of testing and adjusting for publication bias in meta-analysis. Biometrics
2000; 56: 455–63.
Smit, F, Ederveen, A, Cuijpers, P, Deeg, D, Beekman, A.
Opportunities for cost-effective prevention of late-life depression: an epidemiological approach. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2006; 63: 290–6.
Rothman, KJ, Greenland, S.
Modern Epidemiology, . Lippincott-Raven, 1998.
Penninx, BW, Geerlings, SW, Deeg, DJ, Van Eijk, JT, Van Tilburg, W, Beekman, AT. Minor and major depression and the risk of death in older persons. Arch Gen Psychiatry
1999; 56: 889–95.
Bush, DE, Ziegelstein, RC, Tayback, M, Richter, D, Stevens, S, Zahalsky, H.
Even minimal symptoms of depression increase mortality risk after acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol
2001; 88: 337–41.
Frasure-Smith, N, Lesperance, F, Talajic, M.
Depression and 18-month prognosis after myocardial infarction. Circulation
1995; 91: 999–1005.
Fredman, L, Schoenbach, VJ, Kaplan, BH, Blazer, DG, James, SA, Kleinbaum, DG, et al The association between depressive symptoms and mortality among older participants in the Epidemiologic Catchment Area - Piedmont Health Survey. J Gerontol
1989; 44: S149–56.
Gallo, JJ, Rabins, PV, Lyketsos, CG, Tien, AY, Anthony, JC. Depression without sadness: functional outcomes of nondysphoric depression in later life. J Am Geriatr Soc
1997; 45: 570–8.
Janzing, JG, Bouwens, JM, Teunisse, RJ, Van't Hof, MA, Zitman, FG. The relationship between depression and mortality in elderly subjects with less severe dementia. Psychol Med
1999; 29: 979–83.
Jiang, W, Alexander, J, Christopher, E, Kuchibhatla, M, Gaulden, LH, Cuffe, MS, et al Relationship of depression to increased risk of mortality and rehospitalization in patients with congestive heart failure. Arch Intern Med
2001; 161: 1849–56.
Jorm, AF, Henderson, AS, Kay, DWK. Mortality in relation to dementia, depression and social integration in an elderly community sample. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
1991; 6: 5–11.
McCusker, J, Cole, M, Ciampi, A, Latimer, E, Windholz, S, Belzile, E.
Does depression in older medical inpatients predict mortality?
J Gerontol Biol A Sci Med Sci
2006; 61: 975–81.
Morris, PL, Robinson, RG, Andrzejewski, P, Samuels, J, Price, TR. Association of depression with 10-year poststroke mortality. Am J Psychiatry
1993; 150: 124–9.
Morris, PL, Robinson, RG, Samuels, J.
Depression, introversion and mortality following stroke. Aust N Z J Psychiatry
1993; 27: 443–9.
Nakaya, N, Saito-Nakaya, K, Akizuki, N, Yoshikawa, E, Kobayakawa, M, Fujimori, M, et al Depression and survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer after curative resection: a preliminary study. Cancer Sci
2006; 97: 199–205.
Parakh, K, Thombs, BD. Effect of depression on late (8 years) mortality after myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol
2008; 101: 602–6.
Prieto, JM, Atala, J, Blanch, E, Rovina, M, Cicera, E, Espinal, A, et al Role of depression as a predictor of mortality among cancer patients after stem-cell transplantation. J Clin Oncol
2005; 23: 6063–71.
Rovner, BW, German, PS, Brant, LJ, Clark, R, Burton, L, Folstein, MF. Depression and mortality in nursing homes. JAMA
1991; 265: 993–6.
Ryan, J, Carriere, I, Ritchie, K, Stewart, R, Toulemonde, G, Dartigues, JF, et al Late-life depression and mortality: influence of gender and antidepressant use. Br J Psychiatry
2008; 192: 12–8.
Schleifer, SJ, Macari-Hanson, MM, Coyle, DA, Slater, WR, Kahn, M, Gorlin, R, et al The nature and course of depression following myocardial infarction. Arch Intern Med
1989; 149: 1785–9.
Sharma, VK, Copeland, JR, Dewey, ME, Lowe, D, Davidson, I.
Outcome of the depressed elderly living in the community in Liverpool: a 5-year follow-up. Psychol Med
1998; 28: 1329–37.
Sullivan, M, LaCroix, A, Spertus, J, Hecht, J, Russo, J.
Depression predicts revascularization procedures for 5 years after coronary angiography. Psychosom Med
2003; 65: 229–36.
Tilvis, RS, Pitkala, K, Nevantaus, H.
Prognosis of depression in old age. Arch Gerontol Geriatr
Von Ammon Cavanaugh, S, Furlanetto, LM, Creech, SD, Powell, LH. Medical illness, past depression, and present depression: a predictive triad for in-hospital mortality. Am J Psychiatry
2001; 158: 43–8.
Winkley, K, Stahl, D, Chalder, T, Edmonds, ME, Ismail, K.
Risk factors associated with adverse outcomes in a population-based prospective cohort study of people with their first diabetic foot ulcer. J Diabetes Complications
2007; 21: 341–9.
Botswick, JM, Pankratz, VS. Affective disorders and suicide risk: a reexamination. Am J Psychiatry
2000; 157: 1925–32.
Whooley, MA, de Jonge, P, Vittinghoff, E, Otte, C, Moos, R, Carney, RM, et al Depressive symptoms, health behaviors, and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary heart disease. JAMA
2008; 300: 2379–88.
Dierker, LC, Avenevoli, S, Stolar, M, Merikangas, KR. Smoking and depression: an examination of mechanisms of comorbidity. Am J Psychiatry
2002; 159: 947–53.
Holahan, CJ, Moos, RH, Holahan, CK, Cronkite, RC, Randall, PK. Drinking to cope and alcohol use and abuse in unipolar depression: a 10-year model. J Abnorm Psychol
2003; 112: 159–65.
Luppino, FS, de Wit, LM, Bouvy, PF, Stijnen, T, Cuijpers, P, Penninx, BWJH, et al Body mass index (BMI) and depression: meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2009; 67: 220–9.
Cesari, M, Penninx, BW, Newman, A, Kritchevsky, SB, Nicklas BJ, Sutton-Tyrrell K, et al Inflammatory markers and onset of cardiovascular events: results from the Health ABC study. Circulation
2003; 108: 2317–22.
Pariante, CM. Depression, stress and the adrenal axis. J Neuroendocrinol
2003; 15: 811–2.
Cuijpers, P, Schoevers, RA. Increased mortality in depressive disorders: a review. Curr Psychiatr Rep
2004; 6: 430–7.
Solomon, A, Haaga, DA, Arnow, BA. Is clinical depression distinct from subthreshold depressive symptoms? A review of the continuity issue in depression research. J Nerv Ment Dis
2001; 189: 498–506.
Cuijpers, P, De Graaf, R, Van Dorsselaer, S.
Minor depression: risk profiles, functional disability, health care use and risk of developing major depression. J Affect Disord
2004; 79: 71–9.
Barbui, C, Cipriani, A, Patel, V, Ayuso-Mateos, JL, van Ommeren, M.
Efficacy of antidepressants and benzodiazepines in minor depression: systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatry
2011; 198: 11–6.
Cuijpers, P, van Straten, A, Smit, F.
Psychological treatments of subthreshold depression: a meta-analytic review. Acta Psychiatr Scand
2007; 115: 434–41.