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Comparison of the incidence of schizophrenia in rural Dumfries and Galloway and urban Camberwell

  • J. Allardyce (a1), J. Boydell (a2), J. Van Os (a3), G. Morrison (a1), D. Castle (a4), R. M. Murray (a2) and R. G. McCreadie (a1)...

Abstract

Background

Being born or living in urban areas is associated with high rates of schizophrenia. However, few studies have compared the incidence in urban/rural areas using the same methodology.

Aims

To compare service-based incidence rates for schizophrenia in rural Dumfries and Galloway in south-west Scotland with urban Camberwell in south-east London.

Method

Using Research Diagnostic Criteria diagnoses from the OPCRIT computer algorithm, we compared the incidence of schizophrenia over 12 years (1979–1984 and 1992–1997) using indirect standardisation techniques and Poisson regression modelling.

Results

The incidence was 61% higher in urban Camberwell than in rural Dumfries and Galloway (standardised incidence ratio (SIR)= 1.61; 95% Cl=1.42–1.81). There was no difference in incidence when we compared the White population in Camberwell with Dumfries and Galloway (SIR=1.12; 95% CI=0.86–1.43).

Conclusions

The incidence of schizophrenia in urban Camberwell was higher than that in rural Dumfries and Galloway; the high incidence of non-Whites in Camberwell largely explains the urban/rural difference.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Dr J. Allardyce, Department of Clinical Research, Crichton Royal Hospital, Dumfries DG1 4TG, Scotland, UK. Tel: +44 1387 244000; fax: +44 1387 257735; e-mail: j.allardyce@clinmed.gla.ac.uk

Footnotes

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Declaration of interest

This work was supported by The Stanley Foundation and The Gordon Small Trust.

Footnotes

References

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Comparison of the incidence of schizophrenia in rural Dumfries and Galloway and urban Camberwell

  • J. Allardyce (a1), J. Boydell (a2), J. Van Os (a3), G. Morrison (a1), D. Castle (a4), R. M. Murray (a2) and R. G. McCreadie (a1)...

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Comparison of the incidence of schizophrenia in rural Dumfries and Galloway and urban Camberwell

  • J. Allardyce (a1), J. Boydell (a2), J. Van Os (a3), G. Morrison (a1), D. Castle (a4), R. M. Murray (a2) and R. G. McCreadie (a1)...
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