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British psychiatric morbidity survey

  • Rachel Jenkins (a1), Paul Bebbington (a1), Traolach S. Brugha (a1), Mike Farrell (a1), Glyn Lewis (a1) and Howard Meltzer (a1)...

Extract

There is mounting evidence of the massive global health burden of mental illness (Murray & Lopez, 1996; Jenkins, 1997). Within Great Britain, the Department of Health's overall objectives for mental illness were summarised as follows (Department of Health, 1993):

(a) To reduce the incidence and prevalence of mental disorders.

(b) To reduce the mortality associated with mental disorders.

(c) To reduce the extent and severity of other problems associated with mental disorders, for example:

(i) poor physical health;

(ii) impaired social functioning;

(iii) poor social circumstances;

(iv) family burden.

(d) To ensure appropriate services and interventions are provided.

(e) To reverse the public's negative perception of mental illness, for example:

(i) counter fear, ignorance and stigma;

(ii) create a more positive social climate in which to seek help;

(iii) improve quality of life for people with mental health problems.

(f) To research causes, consequences and care of specific mental disorders.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Dr R. Jenkins, WHO Collaborating Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF. Tel: 0171 740 5293; Fax: 0171 919 3669; e-mail: r.jenkins@iop.bmf.ac.uk

References

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Bebbington, P. E. & Nayani, T. (1995) The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 1120.
Bebbington, P. E. Dunn, A. Jenkins, R. et al (1998) The influence of age and sex on the prevalence of depressive conditions: Report for the National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity. Psychological Medicine, 28, 919.
Department of Health (1992) The Health of the Nation — a Strategy for Health in England. London: HMSO.
Department of Health (1993) The Public Health Information Strategy — Improving Information on Mental Health. London: Department of Health.
Department of Health (1997) The Primary Mental Health Care Toolkit. London: Department of Health.
Goldberg, D. P. (1971) The Detention of Psychiatric Illness by Questionnaire (GHQ). Maudsley Monograph 21. London: Oxford University Press.
Jenkins, R. (1991) Developments in the primary care of mental illness — a forward look. International Review of Psychiatry, 4, 237242.
Jenkins, R. (1997) Reducing the burden of mental illness. Lancet, 349, 1340.
Jenkins, R. Griffiths, S. Wylie, I. et al (1994) The Prevention of Suicide. London: HMSO.
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Jenkins, R. Bebbington, P. Brugha, T. et al (1997b) The National Psychiatric Morbidity Surveys of Great Britain — initial findings from the Household Survey. Psychological Medicine, 27, 775789.
Jenkins, R. & Üstün, T. B. (eds) (1998) Preventing Mental lllness — Mental Health Promotion in Primary Care. Chichester: Wiley.
Lewis, G. Pelosi, A. J. Araya, R. et al (1992) Measuring psychiatric disorder in the community: a standardised assessment for use by lay interviewers. Psychological Medicine, 22, 465486.
Mann, A. H. Tytee, A. & Jenkins, R. (eds) (1998) Mental health and primary care — implications for policy. International Review of Psychiatry, in press.
Murray, J. L. & Lopez, A. D. (1996) The Global Burden of Disease. Boston: World Health Organization, Harvard, World Bank.
Strathdee, G. & Jenkins, R. (1996) Purchasing mental health care for primary care. I. Commissioning Mental Health Services (eds Thornicroft, G. & Strathdee, G.). London: HMSO.
Wing, J. K. Babor, T. Brugha, T. et al (1990) SCAN: Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47, 589593.
World Health Organization (1992) The Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). Geneva: WHO.

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British psychiatric morbidity survey

  • Rachel Jenkins (a1), Paul Bebbington (a1), Traolach S. Brugha (a1), Mike Farrell (a1), Glyn Lewis (a1) and Howard Meltzer (a1)...
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