Banks, M. H. (1983) Validation of the General Health Questionnaire in a young community sample. Psychological Medicine, 13, 349–353.
Breslau, N. (1995) Psychiatric sequelae of low birth weight. Epidemiological Reviews, 17, 96–106.
Breslau, N., Klein, N. & Allen, L. (1988) Very low birth weight: behavioral sequelae at nine years of age. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 605–612.
Brodman, K., Erdmann, A. J. & Wolff, H. G. (1949) Cornell Medical Index Health Questionnaire. New York: Cornell Medical College.
Brown, A. S., van Os, J., Driessens, C., et al (2000) Further evidence of relation between prenatal famine and major affective disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 190–195.
Buchanan, A., Ten Brinke, J. & Flouri, E. (2000) Parental background, social disadvantage, public ‘care’ and psychological problems in adolescence and adulthood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 1415–1423.
Frost, A. K., Reinherz, H. Z., Pakiz-Camras, B., et al (1999) Risk factors for depressive symptoms in late adolescence. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 69, 370–381.
Goldberg, D. (1978) Manual of the General Health Questionnaire. Windsor: National Foundation for Educational Research.
Goodman, S. H. & Gotlib, I. H. (1999) Risk for psychopathology in the children of depressed mothers: a developmental model for understanding mechanisms of transmission. Psychology Reviews, 106, 458–490.
Kelly, Y. J., Nazroo, J. Y., McMunn, A., et al (2001) Birthweight and behavioural problems in children: a modifiable effect. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30, 88–94.
Lewinsohn, P. M., Duncan, E. M., Stanton, A. K., et al (1986) Age at first; onset for non-bipolar depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, 378–383.
Luoma, I., Tamminen, T., Kaukonen, P., et al (2001) Longitudinal study of maternal depressive symptoms and child well-being. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 1367–1374.
Nilsson, P. M., Nyberg, P. & Ostergren, P.-O. (2001) Increased susceptibility to stress at a psychological assessment of stress tolerance is associated with impaired fetal growth. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30, 75–80.
Orr, S. T. & Miller, C. A. (1995) Maternal depressive symptoms and the risk of poor pregnancy outcome. Review of the literature and preliminary findings. Epidemiological Reviews, 17, 165–171.
Paarlberg, K. M., Vingerhoets, A. J., Passchier, J., et al (1999) Psychosocial predictors of low birthweight: a prospective study. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 106, 834–841.
Preti, A., Cardascia, L., Zen, T., et al (2000) Obstetric complications in patients with depression – a population-based case–control study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 61, 101–106.
Rodgers, B., Pickles, A., Power, C., et al (1999) Validity of the Malaise Inventory in general population samples. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 34, 333–341.
Rutter, M., Tizard, J. & Whitmore, K. (1970) Education, Health and Behaviour. London: Longmans.
Steckler, T., Holsboer, F. & Reul, J. M. (1999) Glucocorticoids and depression. Baillière's Best Practice Research in Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 13, 597–614.
Thompson, C., Syddall, H., Rodin, I., et al (2001) Birth weight and the risk of depressive disorder in late life. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 450–455.
Weinstock, M. (2001) Alterations induced by gestational stress in brain morphology and behaviour of the offspring. Progress in Neurobiology, 65, 427–451.