Data from the UHURU satellite have provided a list of more than forty high latitude sources (|b| > 20°). X-rays have been detected from among the nearest normal galaxies, giant radio galaxies, Seyferts, QSOs and clusters of galaxies. The cluster sources appear to be extended by several hundred kiloparsecs as well as being very luminous. These cluster sources have systematic differences in their X-ray spectra from individual galaxies.
About twenty sources are not reliably identified so far. A few of these are located near undistinguished 3C or MSH radio sources. The rest are either located near distant clusters or undistinguished bright galaxies, or are too far south, so that we have not sufficient optical data to allow a thorough search for possible association with clusters or unusual individual galaxies.
The luminosity function for weak, high latitude X-ray sources is determined, and the contribution of sources just below the UHURU threshold of detectability to observed fluctuations in the diffuse X-ray background is evaluated. The total contribution of all observed types of extragalactic sources to the X-ray background is estimated.