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The Weak Emission Line Stars

  • Jeffrey Fogel (a1), Orsola De Marco (a2) and George Jacoby (a3)

Abstract

In this paper, we study the evolution of the weak emission line central stars of planetary nebula (WELS), which are similar to the H-deficient Wolf-Rayet central stars except for systematically weaker emission lines. Our attempts at finding an evolutionary sequence for the WELS similar to what was established for Wolf-Rayet central stars, were unsuccessful. No correlation was found between any of the analysed quantities: emission and absorption line fluxes or stellar and nebular parameters from the literature. It does appear, however, that WELS have intermediate stellar temperatures (30–80 kK), and do not reside in the middle of Type I planetary nebulae, possibly indicating lower mass precursors.

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Copyright

References

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Crowther, P. A., De Marco, O., & Barlow, M. J. 1998, MNRAS, 296, 367
Kingsburgh, R. L., Barlow, M. J. 1994, MNRAS, 271, 257
Mendez, R.H., Herrero, A., & Manchado, A. 1990, A&A, 229, 152
Mendez, R.H., et al. 1988, A&A, 190, 113
Parthasarathy, M., Acker, A., Stenholm, B. 1998, A&A, 329, L 9
Tylenda, R., Acker, A., & Stenholm, B. 1993, A&AS, 102, 595

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