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A VLA Gravitational Lens Survey

  • J. N. Hewitt (a1), E. L. Turner (a2), B. F. Burke (a3), C. R. Lawrence (a4), C. L. Bennett (a5), G. I. Langston (a3) and J. E. Gunn (a2)...

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Gravitational lens surveys are of cosmological interest because they provide a way to measure the gravitational field of both luminous and dark matter. Many of the other methods used to detect the presence of dark matter, such as studies of galaxy rotation curves and cluster dynamics, require that there be luminous objects in the gravitational field that act as tracers of the mass. This may introduce a selection effect. In constrast, in studies of gravitational lenses, the beacon we observe can be far (at distances of order one thousand Mpc) from the gravitational field. In this paper we describe a VLA survey designed to detect gravitational lensing on sub-arc second and arc second scales. We also present a preliminary result of the radio data: we find that the density of matter in the form of a uniform, comoving number density of 1011 to 1012 M compact objects, luminous or dark, must be substantially less than the critical density.

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Copyright

References

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Bennett, C. L., Lawrence, C. R., Burke, B. F., Hewitt, J. N., and Mahoney, J. H. 1986, Ap. J. (Supp.), 61, 1.
Press, W. H., and Gunn, J. E. 1973, Ap. J., 185, 397.
Turner, E. L., Ostriker, J. P., and Gott, J. R. III. 1984, Ap. J., 284, 1.

A VLA Gravitational Lens Survey

  • J. N. Hewitt (a1), E. L. Turner (a2), B. F. Burke (a3), C. R. Lawrence (a4), C. L. Bennett (a5), G. I. Langston (a3) and J. E. Gunn (a2)...

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