Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Super-Eruptions and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)

  • Michael R. Rampino (a1)

Abstract

Volcanic super-eruptions that produce >1000 km3 of ejected material and ≥ 1000 Mt (1015g) of stratospheric aerosols and sub-micron dust may be capable of creating global climatic disturbances sufficient to cause a severe setback or crash of modern civilization. Eruptions of similar magnitude are estimated to occur on average about every 50000 to 100000 years, which may be considerably more frequent than impacts by asteroids and comets that could cause similar climatic disasters. Prediction, prevention, and mitigation of global volcanic climatic disasters are potentially more difficult than planetary protection from large impactors, so that volcanism might provide an ultimate limit on the longevity of technological civilizations. If the lifetime of technological civilizations were limited to less than 50 000 years by volcanism, then the number of communicative civilizations in the Galaxy might be less than 1 per 10 million stars. Thus, super-eruptions on geologically active, habitable planets may strongly affect the prospects in radio telescopic SETI.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Super-Eruptions and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Super-Eruptions and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Super-Eruptions and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Ambrose, S. H. 1998, J. Human Evolution, 34, 623
Baillie, M. G. L. 1993, The Holocene, 4, 212
Burrows, W. E., & Shapiro, R. 1999, Ad Astra Sept/Oct, 18
Carr, M. J. 1977, Science, 197, 655
Chapman, C. R. 2002, Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap., 356, 7
Chapman, C. R., & Morrison, D. 1994, Nature, 367, 33
Chouet, B. A. 1996, Nature, 380, 316
Chyba, C. F. 1997, in Astro and Bioch Origins and the Search for Life in the Universe, ed. Cosmovici, C.B., et al. (Bologna: Editrice Compositori) 57
Decker, R. W. 1990, in Thera and the Aegean World III, 2, ed. Hardy, D. A., et al., (London: The Thera Foundation), 444
Gehrels, T., ed. 1994, Hazards Due to Comets & Asteroids, (Tucson: Univ of Arizona Press)
Harington, C. R., ed. 1992, in The Year Without a Summer? World Climate in 1816, (Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Nature)
Harpending, H. C. et al. 1993, Current Anthropol, 34, 483
Harwell, M. A., & Hutchinson, T. C. ed. Environmental Consequences of Nuclear War, (New York: Wiley)
Jones, G. S., & Stott, P. A. 2002, in AGU Chapman Conf. Proc., Volcanism and the Earth's Atmosphere, (Washington: Amer. Geophys. Union), 45
Nazzaro, A. 1998, Annali di Geofisica, 41, 555
Newhall, C. A., & Self, S. 1982, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 1231
Oppenheimer, C. 2002, Quat. Sci. Rev., 21, 1593
Pope, K. 2002, Geology, 30, 99
Pyle, D. M., Beattie, , & Bluth, G. J. S. 1996, Bull. Volcanol., 57, 663
Rampino, M. R. 2002, Icarus, 156, 562.
Rampino, M. R., & Ambrose, S. 2000, Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap., 345, 71
Rampino, M. R., & Self, S. 1984, Nature, 310, 677
Rampino, M. R., & Self, S. 1992, Nature, 359, 50
Rampino, M. R., & Self, S. 1993, Quat. Res., 40, 269
Rampino, M. R., Stothers, R. B., & Self, S. 1988, Ann Rev Earth Planet Sci, 16, 73
Remo, J. L., ed. 1997, in Near Earth Objects, (NY: Acad Sci Ann), 822
Robock, A. 2000, Rev. Geophys., 38, 191
Rose, W. I., & Chesner, C. A. 1990, Global and Planet Change, 89, 269
Sagan, C. ed. 1973, Communication with ETI, (Cambridge: MIT Press)
Sagan, C., & Ostro, S. 1994, Issues Science & Technol, 10, 67
Scandone, R. G., Arganese, G., & Galdi, F. 1993, J. Volc. Geoth. Res., 58, 263
Schneider, S., & Londer, R. 1984, The Coevolution of Climate & Life, (SF: SC)
Self, S., & Mouginis-Mark, P. J. 1995, Rev. Geophys. Supp., 257
Simkin, T., & Siebert, L. 1994, Volcanoes of the World, (Tucson: Geosci. Press)
Smith, Z. A., 2000, The Environmental Policy Paradox, (NJ: Prentice Hall)
Stothers, R. B. 1983, Science, 224, 1191
Stothers, R. B. 1984, Nature, 307, 44
Stothers, R. B. 1999, Clim. Change, 42, 713
Stothers, R. B. 2000, Clim. Change, 45, 361
Toon, O. B., Turco, R. P., & Covey, C. 1997, Rev. Geophys., 35, 41
Voight, B. 1988, Nature, 332, 125
Voight, B., & Cornelius, R. R. 1991, Nature, 350, 695
Wood, C. A., & Kienle, J. eds. 1990, in Volcanoes of North America, (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press)
Zielinski, G. A., et al. 1996, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 837

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed