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A Search for Companions to L Dwarfs

  • P. R. Allen (a1), D. W. Koerner (a1), M. W. McElwain (a1), G. R. Murphy (a1), I. Neill Reid (a2), J. E. Gizis (a2) and J. Davy Kirkpatrick (a2)...

Abstract

We present the results of two imaging surveys for companions to low-luminosity dwarfs, one with Keck to a limiting magnitude of K = 20, and the other with HST to a limiting magnitude of I = 23. No companions were found at separations of 0″.5 to 20″.0, but seven companions were found within 0″.5. Based on sub-stellar evolutionary models, we estimate the companion detection efficiency as a function of mass ratio. This modeling, coupled with the data, place strong upper limits on the mass ratios of unobserved companions. We conclude that no companions exist in the optimal sensitivity regions of both surveys for q > 0.85 (HST), and q > 0.4 (Keck).

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References

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Burrows, A., Hubbard, W., Lunine, J., and Liebert, J., 2001, RvMP, 73, 719.
Duquennoy, A. and Mayor, M., 1991, A&A, 248, 485.
Fischer, D. and Marcy, G., 1992, ApJ, 396, 178.
Koerner, D.W. et. al. 1999, ApJ, 526, L25.
Reid, I.N. et. al. 2001, ApJ, 121, 489.

A Search for Companions to L Dwarfs

  • P. R. Allen (a1), D. W. Koerner (a1), M. W. McElwain (a1), G. R. Murphy (a1), I. Neill Reid (a2), J. E. Gizis (a2) and J. Davy Kirkpatrick (a2)...

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