We have studied the properties of rich clusters of galaxies in various cosmological scenarios by comparing high resolution N-body simulations with observations of Abell clusters. The clusters have been simulated in two steps. First, protoclusters are identified in large-scale simulations which represent a wide range of cosmological scenarios (hierarchical clustering, pancake scenarios, and hybrids of the two, spanning a range of power spectra). Then the region around each protocluster is simulated with high resolution, the particles representing L* galaxies. The protoclusters have no spatial symmetry built into them initially. The final clusters are still dynamically young, and of moderate densities, which should be representative of Abell clusters of richness classes 1 and 2.