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NLTE NH3(J,K) = (1,1) observations towards southern hemisphere compact regions

  • Alexandre Roman Lopes (a1), Zulema Abraham (a1), Anderson Caproni (a1), Jacques R. D. Lépine (a1) and Jose W. S. Vilas-Boas (a2)...

Abstract

We present NH3(J,K) = (1,1) observations toward CS(2,1) sources in the southern hemisphere, obtained with the Itapetinga Radio Telescope, that exhibit departure from LTE conditions. The mechanism of selective trapping in the hyperfine transitions of NH3(J, K) =(2,1)-(1,1) is invoked to explain the non-thermal population in the NH3(J, K) = (1,1) hyperfine states. This effect is relevant only when the width of the hyperfine lines lie between 0.3 and 0.6 km s−1. Due to this restriction, the assumption that the molecular cloud is formed by clumps, which produce spectra within this line-width interval seems to be a natural explanation for the non-thermal population. The observed spectra can be the result of the superposition of individual clump spectra with different central velocities. This model was applied to determine the physical conditions of the observed regions, providing satisfactory results for most of them. However, for some sources the model is not adequate to reproduce the observations, indicating that some other effects should be included, such as IR continuum, that was neglected in the radiative transfer calculations.

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Copyright

References

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Bourke, T. I., Hyland, A. R., Robinson, G. 1995, MNRAS, 276, 1052B
Caproni, A., Abraham, Z, & Vilas-Boas, J. W. S. 2000, A&A, 361, 685
Matsakis, D. N., Brandeshaft, D., Chui, M. F., et al. 1995, ApJ, 214, L67
Stutski, J., & Winnewisser, G. 1985, A&A, 144, 13
Vilas-Boas, J. W. S., Abraham, Z. 2000, A&A, 355, 1115

NLTE NH3(J,K) = (1,1) observations towards southern hemisphere compact regions

  • Alexandre Roman Lopes (a1), Zulema Abraham (a1), Anderson Caproni (a1), Jacques R. D. Lépine (a1) and Jose W. S. Vilas-Boas (a2)...

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