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Near Infrared Polarimetry of Dark Clouds and Star Forming Regions - Two Micron Polarization Survey of T Tauri Stars

  • M. Tamura (a1) and S. Sato (a2)

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Infrared polarimetry is one of the most useful methods to delineate the magnetic field structure in dark clouds and star-forming regions, where the intracloud extinction is so large that optical polarimetry is inaccessible. We have been conducting a near-infrared polarization survey of background field stars and embedded sources toward nearby dark clouds and star-forming regions (Tamura 1988). Particularly, the magnetic field structure in the denser regions of the clouds are well revealed in Heiles Cloud 2 in Taurus, ρ Oph core, and NGC1333 region in Perseus (Tamura et al. 1987; Sato et al. 1988; Tamura et al. 1988). This survey also suggests an interesting geometrical relationship between magnetic field and star-formation: the IR polarization of young stellar sources associated with mass outflow phenomena is perpendicular to the magnetic fields. This relationship suggests a presence of circumstellar matter (probably dust disk) with its plane perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. Combining with another geometrical relationship that the elongation of the denser regions of the cloud is perpendicular to the magnetic field, the geometry suggests that the cloud contraction and subsequent star-formation have been strongly affected by the magnetic fields. Thus, it is important to study the universality of such geometrical relationship between IR polarization of young stellar sources and magnetic fields. In this paper, we report the results on a 2 micron polarization survey of 39 T Tauri stars, 8 young stellar objects and 11 background field stars in Taurus dark cloud complex.

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References

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Hodapp, K. -W. (1984). Astron. Astrophys. 141, 255.
Sato, S. et al. (1985). Astrophys. J. 291, 708.
Sato, S. et al. (1988). Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 230, 321.
Tamura, M., Nagata, T., Sato, S., and Tanaka, M. (1987). Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 224, 413.
Tamura, M. (1988). Ph. D. thesis, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
Tamura, M. et al. (1988). Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 231, 445.

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