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Measurements of the Apparent Solar Diameter with Astrolabe at Observatório Nacional—1997/2000

  • A. H. Andrei (a1), E. Reis Neto (a1), J. L. Penna (a1), W. G. de Almeida (a1), V. A. d'Ávila (a1), S. P. Puliaev (a2) and E. G. Jilinski (a2)...

Abstract

The metrological qualities render the modified CCD solar astrolabe a very reliable instrument for the difficult conditions of solar diameter measurements. At O.N. an average value of 959”.04 ± 0”.01 is found, for λ = 563.5nm, and an effective bandpass of 168nm. To improve the signal to noise ratio, the images are treated for flat field. This includes distortions brought about by the COHU 4710 camera, the astrolabe optics, and by the system of filters that cut down the incoming solar light. The extensive series observed (over 12000 independent measures) is examined, using a CLEAN periodogram algorithm. The outcome shows periods reconcilable with the solar activity and geometry of observation.

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References

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Measurements of the Apparent Solar Diameter with Astrolabe at Observatório Nacional—1997/2000

  • A. H. Andrei (a1), E. Reis Neto (a1), J. L. Penna (a1), W. G. de Almeida (a1), V. A. d'Ávila (a1), S. P. Puliaev (a2) and E. G. Jilinski (a2)...

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