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Interpreting the Evolving Clumpy Shell Structure of IRC +10216 in Terms of Time Dependent Dust Shell Models

  • J. M. Winters (a1), T. Blöcker (a1), K.-H. Hofmann (a1) and G. Weigelt (a1)

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The prototypical dust-enshrouded carbon Mira IRC +10216 is known to exhibit intrinsic changes on a time scale of the order of only a few years as revealed, e.g., by CO infrared line profiles (Winters et al. 2000a), its infrared light curves, and by high spatial resolution monitoring in the infrared (Osterbart et al. 2000; Tuthill et al. 2000). In particular, the infrared light curves indicate a possible periodicity on a ≈ 20 yr time scale, i.e. that a recurrent phenomenon might lead to the observed variations. Such multi-periodicity time scales of several (≈ 10) stellar pulsation periods are predicted by consistent hydrodynamical models which include a proper treatment of dust formation (e.g. Winters et al. 2000b). In these models discrete dust layers form in time intervals which are several times longer than the typical pulsation period of an AGB star (Fleischer, Gauger, & Sedlmayr 1995; Höfner, Feuchtinger, & Dorfi 1995).

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References

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Fleischer, A.J., Gauger, A., & Sedlmayr, E. 1995, A&A, 297, 543
Haniff, C.A., & Buscher, D.F. 1998 A&A, 334, L5
Höfner, S., Feuchtinger, M.U., & Dorfi, E.A. 1995, A&A, 297, 815
Men'shchikov, A.B., Balega, Y.Y., Blocker, T., et al. 2001, A&A, 368, 497
Osterbart, R., Balega, Y.Y., Blöcker, T., et al. 2000, A&A, 357, 169
Tuthill, P., Monnier, J., Danchi, W., & Lopez, B. 2000, ApJ, 543, 284
Weigelt, G., Balega, Y., Hofmann, K.-H., et al. 1997, in Paresce, F. (ed) Science with the VLT Interferometer, Springer, p. 206
Weigelt, G., Balega, Y., Blocker, T., et al. 1998, A&A, 333, L51
Winters, J.M., Keady, J.J., Gauger, A., & Sada, P.V. 2000a, A&A, 359, 651
Winters, J.M., Le Bertre, T., Jeong, K.S., et al. 2000b, A&A, 361, 641
Woitke, P. 2001, Reviews in Modern Astronomy 14, 185

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