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Do All Spiral Galaxies Have a Massive Dark Halo?

  • M. Honma (a1) and Y. Sofue (a1)

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We have investigated the masses and extents of dark halos of spiral galaxies by two methods. First, we have reanalyzed HI outer rotation curves so far obtained considering the velocity uncertainties. We confirmed that many HI rotation curves indicate the existence of dark matter to some extent. However, we also found that only few rotation curves provide direct evidences for halos extended beyond 10 disk scale length. On the other hand, recent HI observations revealed that several galaxies have declining rotation curves that are approximated by Keplerian in the outermost regions. Considering the velocity uncertainties in the outer rotation curves, we found that these declining rotation curves are not rare compared to flat rotation curves. If these declining rotation curves indeed trace the mass truncation, these results indicate that some dark halos have moderate masses that are comparable or slightly larger than disk masses.

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Honma, M., Sofue, Y. 1997, PASJ 49, 539

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