Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Distribution Of Dark Mass In Galaxies

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 May 2016

Penny D. Sackett
Affiliation:
Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands

Abstract

Gravitational lensing is one of a number of methods used to probe the distribution of dark mass in the Universe. On galactic scales, complementary techniques include the use of stellar kinematics, the kinematics and morphology of the neutral gas layer, kinematics of satellites, and the morphology and temperature profile of X-ray halos. These methods are compared, with emphasis on their relative strengths and weaknesses in constraining the distribution and extent of dark matter in the Milky Way and other galaxies. It is concluded that (1) the extent of dark halos remains ill-constrained, (2) halos need not be isothermal, and (3) the dark mass is probably quite flattened.

Type
Chapter 6: Galaxies
Copyright
Copyright © Kluwer 1996 

References

Alcock, et al. 1995, ApJ, submitted (astro-ph/9506113) Google Scholar
Athanassoula, E., Bosma, A. & Papaioannou, S. 1987, A&A, 179, 23 Google Scholar
Athanassoula, E. & Sellwood, J. A. 1987, IAU Sym. 117, eds. Kormendy, J. & Knapp, G. R. (Dordrecht: Reidel), 300 Google Scholar
Bahcall, J.N., Flynn, C. & Gould, A. 1992, ApJ, 389, 234 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Begeman, K. 1987, , Google Scholar
Binney, J. & Tremaine, S. 1987, Galactic Dynamics (Princeton:Princeton Univ. Press)Google Scholar
Binney, J, May, A. & Ostriker, J.P. 1987, MNRAS, 226, 149 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blumenthal, G. R., Faber, S. M., Flores, R. & Primack, J. 1986, ApJ, 301, 27 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broeils, A. 1992, , Google Scholar
Buchhorn, M. 1992, , Google Scholar
Buote, D.A. & Canizares, C.R. 1994, ApJ, 427, 86 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buote, D.A. & Canizares, C.R. 1995, to appear in ApJ, astro-ph/9508005 Google Scholar
Casertano, S. & van Albada, T.S. 1990, Baryonic Dark Matter, (Dordrecht:Kluwer) 159 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Casertano, S. & van Gorkom, J.H. 1991, AJ, 101, 1231 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Jong, R.S. 1995, , Google Scholar
Dubinski, J., 1994, ApJ, 431, 617 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dubinski, J. & Carlberg, R., 1991, ApJ, 378, 496 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Erickson, L.K., Gottesman, S.T. & Hunter, J.H., 1987, Nature, 325, 779 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fich, M. & Tremaine, S., 1991, ARA&A, 29, 409 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flynn, C. & Fuchs, B., 1994, MNRAS, 270, 471 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Freeman, K.C., 1993, in Physics of Nearby Galaxies: Nature or Nurture?, eds. Thuan, R.X., Balkowski, C. & Thanh Van, J., (Editions Frontières) 201 Google Scholar
Frenk, C.S., White, S.D.M, Davis, M. & Efstathiou, G., 1988, ApJ, 327, 507 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gould, A., 1990, MNRAS, 244, 25 Google Scholar
Gould, A., Miralda-Escudé, J., & Bahcall, J.N., 1994, ApJL, 423, L105 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Griest, K., 1991, ApJ, 366, 412 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Griest, K., et al., 1995, in Pascos/Hopkins Symposium, in press (astro-ph/9506016) Google Scholar
Gott, J. R., 1975, ApJ, 201, 296 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hofner, P. & Sparke, L.S., 1994, ApJ, 428, 466 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kalnajs, A.J. 1983, in IAU Sym. 100, ed. Athanassoula, E. (Dordrecht: Reidel) 87 Google Scholar
Kalnajs, A.J., 1987, in IAU Sym. 117, eds. Kormendy, J. & Knapp, G. (Dordrecht: Reidel) 289 Google Scholar
Katz, N. & Gunn, J. E., 1991, ApJ, 377, 365 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kent, S.M., 1986, AJ, 91, 1301 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kent, S.M., 1987, AJ, 93, 816 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kochanek, C.S., 1995a, ApJ, 445, 559 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kochanek, C.S., 1995b, ApJ, in press Google Scholar
Kassiola, A. & Kovner, I., 1993, ApJ, 417, 450 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuijken, K. & Gilmore, G., 1991, ApJ, 367, 9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lake, G. & Feinswog, L., 1989, AJ, 98, 166 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lin, D.N.C., Jones, B.F. & Klemola, A.R., 1995, ApJ, 439, 652 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Malhotra, S., 1995, ApJ, 448, 138 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Merrifield, M.R., 1992, AJ, 103, 1552 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Navarro, J.F., Frenk, C.S. & White, S.D.M., 1995, ApJ, submitted (astro-ph/9508025) Google Scholar
Olling, R.P. & van Gorkom, J.H., 1995, in Dark Matter, eds. Holt, S. & Bennett, C. (New York: AIP) 121 Google Scholar
Ostriker, J.P. & Peebles, P.J.E., 1973, ApJ, 186, 467 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pagel, B., 1990, Baryonic Dark Matter, (Dordrecht: Kluwer) 237 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rix, H.-W., 1995, in IAU Sym. 169, in press (astro-ph/9501068) Google Scholar
Rubin, V.C., 1987, in IAU Sym. 117, eds. Kormendy, J. & Knapp, G. (Dordrecht: Reidel) 51 Google Scholar
Ryden, B.S., 1992, ApJ, 396, 445 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sackett, P.D, Rix, H.-W., Jarvis, B.J., & Freeman, K.C., 1994, ApJ, 436, 629 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sackett, P.D. & Pogge, R.W., 1995, in Dark Matter, eds. Holt, S. & Bennett, C. (New York: AIP) 141 Google Scholar
Sahu, K.C., 1994, Nature, 370, 275 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schechter, P., 1993, in Back to the Galaxy, eds. Holt, S. & Verter, F. (New York: AIP) 571 Google Scholar
Schneider, S.E., 1985, ApJ, 288, L33 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schweizer, F., Whitmore, B.C. & Rubin, V.C., 1983, AJ, 88, 909 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, M.S., Kawano, L.H. & Malaney, R.A., 1993, ApJS, 85, 219 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Steiman-Cameron, T.Y., Kormendy, J. & Durisen, R.H., 1992, AJ, 104, 1339 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van Albada, T. & Sancisi, R., 1987 in IAU Sym. 117, eds. Kormendy, J. & Knapp, G. (Dordrecht: Reidel) 67 Google Scholar
van der Kruit, P. C. & Freeman, K. C., 1986, ApJ, 303, 556 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van der Kruit, P.C., 1995, in IAU Sym. 164, eds. van der Kruit, P.C. & Gilmore, G. (Dordrecht: Kluwer) 205 Google Scholar
van der Marel, R.P., 1991, MNRAS, 248, 515 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, T., Steigman, G., Kang, H. Schramm, D., & Olive, K., 1991, ApJ, 376, 51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warren, M. S., Quinn, P. J., Salmon, J. K., & Zurek, W. H., 1992, ApJ, 399, 405 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Whitmore, B.C., McElroy, D., & Schweizer, F., 1987, ApJ, 314, 439 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zaritsky, D. & White, S. D. M., 1994, ApJ, 435, 599 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhao, H.-S., Spergel, D. N. & Rich, R. M., 1995, ApJ, 420, 806 Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 58 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 15th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Access
Hostname: page-component-77fc7d77f9-cctwg Total loading time: 0.218 Render date: 2021-01-15T16:18:13.093Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "1", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags last update: Fri Jan 15 2021 15:52:16 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time) Feature Flags: { "metrics": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "peerReview": true, "crossMark": true, "comments": true, "relatedCommentaries": true, "subject": true, "clr": true, "languageSwitch": true, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The Distribution Of Dark Mass In Galaxies
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The Distribution Of Dark Mass In Galaxies
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The Distribution Of Dark Mass In Galaxies
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *