Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Asteroid Families

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 July 2016

Vincenzo Zappalà
Affiliation:
Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino strada osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy E-mail ZAPPALA@TO.ASTRO.IT
Alberto Cellino
Affiliation:
Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino strada osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese (TO), Italy E-mail ZAPPALA@TO.ASTRO.IT
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

In spite of their widely recognized importance in the framework of the modern understanding of the asteroidal population and its collisional evolution, asteroid dynamical families have long been a puzzling subject of research, due to the disagreement among the family lists published by different authors. In the present review, the definition and meaning of asteroid families are critically discussed, as well as the various problems which have to be faced by any suitable technique of family identification. In this respect, major improvements have been achieved during the last few years. The most recent family searches show an excellent agreement both in the number of reliably identified families, and in their members. Moreover, the overall performances of the most recent techniques of family identification have been tested by means of numerical simulations, with encouraging results. For these reasons, we believe that we are presently at the beginning of an era in which detailed physical studies of families can be attempted, and observational campaigns can be planned on the basis of solid evidence, like in the case of the recent spectacular results obtained for the family associated to the large asteroid 4 Vesta.

Type
Origin and Evolution
Copyright
Copyright © Kluwer 1994 

References

Asphaug, E. and Melosh, H.J.: 1993, “The Stickney impact of Phobos: a dynamical model.” Icarus, 101, 144167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bendjoya, Ph.: 1993, “A classification of 6479 asteroids into families by means of the wavelet clustering method.” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Series, 102, 2555.Google Scholar
Bendjoya, Ph., Slezak, E. and Froeschlé, Cl.: 1991, “The wavelet transform: a new tool for asteroid family determination.” Astron. Astrophys., 251, 312330.Google Scholar
Bendjoya, Ph., Cellino, A., Froeschlé, Cl. and Zappalà, V.: 1993, “Asteroid dynamical families: a reliability test for two identification methods.” Astron. Astrophys, 272, 651670.Google Scholar
Binzel, R.P. and Xu, S.: 1993, “Chips off of asteroid 4 Vesta: evidence for the parent body of basaltic achondrite meteorites.” Science, 260, 186190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broglia, P. and Manara, A.: 1989, “Rotational variations in the optical polarization of (4) Vesta.” Astron. Astrophys., 214, 389390.Google Scholar
Brouwer, D.: 1951, “Secular variations of the orbital elements of minor planets.” Astron. J., 56, 932.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burbine, T.H., Gaffey, M.J. and Bell, J.F.: 1992, “S-asteroids 387 Aquitania and 980 Anacostia: possible fragments of the breakup of a spinel-bearing parent body with CO3/CV3 affinities.” Meteoritics, 27, 424434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cellino, A. and Zappalà, V.: 1993, “Asteroid clans: super families or multiple events?”, Celest. Mech., 57, 3747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cellino, A., Zappalà, V., Di Martino, M., Farinella, P. and Paolicchi, P.: 1987, “Flattening, pole and albedo features of 4 Vesta from photometric data.” Icarus, 70, 546565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cellino, A., Di Martino, M., Drummond, J., Farinella, P., Paolicchi, P. and Zappalà, V.: 1989, “Vesta's shape, density and albedo features.” Astron. Astrophys., 219, 320321.Google Scholar
Cellino, A., Zappalà, V. and Farinella, P.: 1991, “The size distribution of asteroids from IRAS data.” Mon. Not. Roy. Astr. Soc., 253, 561574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapman, C.R., Paolicchi, P., Zappalà, V., Binzel, R.P. and Bell, J.F.: 1989, “Asteroid families: physical properties and evolution.” In Asteroids II, (Binzel, R.P., Gehrels, T., Matthews, M. S., Eds.), 386415, Univ. of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
Cruikshank, D.P., Tholen, D.J., Hartmann, W.K., Bell, J.F. and Brown, R.H.: 1991, “Three basaltic Earth-approaching asteroids and the source of the basaltic meteorites.” Icarus, 89, 113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, D.R., Weidenschilling, S.J., Farinella, P., Paolicchi, P. and Binzel, R.P.: 1989, “Asteroid collisional history: effects on sizes and spins.” In Asteroids II, (Binzel, R.P., Gehrels, T., Matthews, M. S., Eds.), 805826, University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
Farinella, P., Davis, D.R., Cellino, A. and Zappalà, V.: 1992, “From clusters to families: a proposal for a new nomenclature.” In Asteroids Comets meteors 1991, (Harris, A.W., Bowell, E., Eds.), 165166, L.P.I., Houston.Google Scholar
Fujiwara, A., Cerroni, P., Davis, D.R., Ryan, E., Di Martino, M., Holsapple, K. and Housen, K.: 1989, “Experiments and scaling laws on catastrophic collisions.” In Asteroids II, (Binzel, R.P., Gehrels, T., Matthews, M. S., Eds.), 240265, University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
Greenberg, R. and Nolan, M.C.: 1989, “Delivery of asteroids and meteorites to the inner solar system.” In Asteroids II, (Binzel, R.P., Gehrels, T., Matthews, M. S., Eds.), 778804, University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
Lemaitre, A. and Morbidelli, A.: 1994, “Calculation of proper elements for high inclined asteroidal orbits.” Celest. Mech., in press.Google Scholar
Lindblad, B.A.: 1992, “A computer search for asteroid families.” In Asteroids Comets meteors 1991, (Harris, A.W., Bowell, E., Eds.), 363366, L.P.I., Houston.Google Scholar
Melosh, H.J., Ryan, E.V. and Asphaug, E.: 1992, “Dynamic fragmentation in impacts: hydrocode simulation of laboratory impacts.” J. Geophys. Res., 97, 735759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milani, A. and Knežević, Z.: 1990, “Secular perturbation theory and computation of asteroid proper elements.” Celest. Mech., 49, 247411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milani, A. and Knežević, Z.: 1992, “Asteroid proper elements and secular resonances.” Icarus, 98, 211232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milani, A. and Knežević, Z.: 1994, “Asteroid proper elements and the dynamical structure of the asteroid main belt.” Icarus, in press.Google Scholar
Milani, A., Farinella, P. and Knežević, Z.: 1992, “On the search for asteroid families.” In Interrelations between Physics and Dynamics for Minor Bodies in the Solar System, (Froeschlé, Cl., Benest, D., Eds.), 85132, Editions Frontières, Gif–sur–Yvette, France.Google Scholar
Paolicchi, P., Cellino, A., Farinella, P. and Zappalà, V.: 1989, “A semiempirical model of catastrophic breakup processes.” Icarus, 77, 187212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paolicchi, P., Verlicchi, A. and Cellino, A.: 1993, “Catastrophic fragmentation and formation of families: preliminary results from a new numerical model.” Celest. Mech., 57, 4956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paolicchi, P., La Spina, A., Paolicchi, P. and Cellino, A.: 1994, “The interpretation of laboratory experiments in the framework of an improved semi-empirical model.” Planet. Space Sci., in press.Google Scholar
Southworth, R. and Hawkins, G.: 1963, “Statistics of meteor streams.” Smithson. Contrib. Astrophys., 7, 261285.Google Scholar
Valsecchi, G., Carusi, A., Knežević, Z., Kresák, Ľ. and Williams, J.G.: 1989, “Identification of asteroid dynamical families.” In Asteroids II, (Binzel, R.P., Gehrels, T., Matthews, M. S., Eds.), 368385, University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
Williams, J.G.: 1979, “Proper elements and family memberships of the asteroids.” In Asteroids, (Gehrels, T., Ed.), 10401063, University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
Williams, J.G.: 1989, “Asteroid family identifications and proper elements.” In Asteroids II, (Binzel, R.P., Gehrels, T., Matthews, M. S., Eds.), 10341072, University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
Williams, J.G.: 1992, “Asteroid families – an initial search.” Icarus, 96, 251280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zappalà, V., Farinella, P., Knežević, Z. and Paolicchi, P.: 1984, “Collisional origin of asteroid families: mass and velocity distributions.” Icarus, 59, 261285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zappalà, V., Cellino, A., Farinella, P. and Knežević, Z.: 1990, “Asteroid families. I. Identification by hierarchical clustering and reliability assessment.” Astron. J., 100, 20302046.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zappalà, V., Cellino, A. and Farinella, P.: 1992, “A comparison between families obtained from different proper elements.” In Asteroids Comets meteors 1991, (Harris, A.W., Bowell, E., Eds.), 675678, L.P.I., Houston.Google Scholar
Zappalà, V., Cellino, A., Farinella, P. and Milani, A.: 1994, “Asteroid families. II. Extension to unnumbered multiopposition asteroids.” Astron. J. 107, 772801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 67 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 26th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Access
Hostname: page-component-898fc554b-fznx4 Total loading time: 0.367 Render date: 2021-01-26T03:23:48.114Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "1", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Asteroid Families
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Asteroid Families
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Asteroid Families
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *