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Parental Knowledge and Adolescent Adjustment: Substance use and Health-Related Quality of Life

  • Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias (a1), Carmen Moreno (a1), M. Carmen Granado-Alcón (a2) and Ana López (a1)

Abstract

This study analyses two models (maternal and paternal) in which parental care and sources of parental knowledge moderated the relationship between parents' knowledge about their adolescents' lives and adolescents' substance use and health-related quality of life. The sample was made up of 15942 Spanish adolescents who participated in the 2006 edition of Health Behavior in School-aged Children Study. Results showed that increased parents' knowledge about their adolescents' lives reduced adolescents' substance use and increased their quality of life. With respect to the moderation relationship, a limited effect was found. However, parental care and sources of parental knowledge used by both parents generally had main effects on adolescents' substance use and health-related quality of life, with care being the most relevant variable in the health-related quality of life, while knowledge was the most relevant one for substance use.

Este trabajo analiza dos modelos (materno y paterno) en los que el afecto parental y los procedimientos de obtención del conocimiento parental moderaron la relación entre el conocimiento que los padres tenían sobre la vida de sus hijos adolescentes con el consumo de sustancias y la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de éstos. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 15.942 adolescentes españoles que participaron en la edición 2006 del estudio Health Behavior in School-Aged Children. Los resultados mostraron que el conocimiento que los padres tenían sobre las vidas de sus hijos redujo su consumo de sustancias e incrementó su calidad de vida. Respecto a las relaciones de moderación, se encontró que tenían un efecto pequeño, aunque el afecto parental y los procedimientos de obtención del conocimiento parental utilizados por ambos progenitores, tuvieron efectos principales sobre las variables de consumo de sustancias y calidad de vida, siendo el afecto la variable más relevante en la calidad de vida relacionada conla salud, mientras que el conocimiento lo fue para el consumo de sustancias.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación. Universidad de Sevilla. C/ Camilo José Cela, s/n. 41018 Sevilla (Spain). Phone: +34-954557694. Fax: +34-954559544. E-mail: amjimigl@us.es

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Keywords

Parental Knowledge and Adolescent Adjustment: Substance use and Health-Related Quality of Life

  • Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias (a1), Carmen Moreno (a1), M. Carmen Granado-Alcón (a2) and Ana López (a1)

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