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Development and Validation of the Theory of Planned Behavior Questionnaire in Physical Activity

  • Sonia Tirado González (a1), Mª Carmen Neipp López (a1), Yolanda Quiles Marcos (a1) and Jesús Rodríguez-Marín (a1)

Abstract

The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is one of the main theoretical models in the study of the different variables, which influence in the practise of physical activity. The aim in this study was to develop a questionnaire based on TPB in physical activity context providing evidence for the validity of the obtained measures. The instrumental project included three independent studies. The first study entailed the construction and qualitative assessment of the items. In the second study, the analysis of factorial structure was performed by means of exploratory measures, and it showed that the reliability of measures was adequate. The third study provided evidence on the dimensionality of the scale. The confirmatory factorial analysis guaranteed the stability of factorial structure proposed by the TPB and provided evidence for the internal validity of the inventory. Moreover, this study provided evidence of its external validity.

La Teoría de la Conducta Planeada (TCP) es uno de los modelos teóricos más empleados para conocer las diferentes variables que influyen en la realización de ejercicio físico. El objetivo en este trabajo fue elaborar un cuestionario basado en la TCP en el contexto del ejercicio físico y aportar evidencias sobre la validez de sus mediciones. El trabajo instrumental incluyó tres estudios independientes. El primer estudio consistió en la elaboración y evaluación cualitativa de los ítems. En el segundo estudio se analizó la estructura factorial mediante procedimientos exploratorios y se mostró que la fiabilidad de las mediciones era adecuada. El tercer estudio aportó evidencias sobre la dimensionalidad del inventario. El análisis factorial confirmatorio avaló la estabilidad de la estructura factorial propuesta por la TCP, así como aportó evidencias de validez interna del instrumento. También se aportan evidencias de su validez externa.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Mª Carmen Neipp López. Departamento de Psicología de la Salud. Universidad Miguel Hernández. Avda. de la Universidad s/n, Edificio Altamira. 03202 Elche – Alicante (Spain). E-mail: neipp@umh.es

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Keywords

Development and Validation of the Theory of Planned Behavior Questionnaire in Physical Activity

  • Sonia Tirado González (a1), Mª Carmen Neipp López (a1), Yolanda Quiles Marcos (a1) and Jesús Rodríguez-Marín (a1)

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