93 female nurses in a metropolitan hospital in Papua New Guinea (PNG) responded to the Burnout Inventory (BI), the Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (JSQ), and a performance index to ascertain the existence of burnout among PNG nurses, its severity, and its relationship with performance and job satisfaction. Results showed that the majority of nurses in PNG do not experience burnout. The intensity and frequency of burnout symptoms were not related to any of the demographic variables assessed, or to job satisfaction and/or job performance.
The term “burnout” was first used by Herbert Freudenberger in 1974 to describe physical and psychological manifestations apparent in workers employed in the “helping” professions (Perlman & Hartman, 1982). The term was coined to distinguish it from what is commonly known as stress.
Technically, burnout differs from ordinary fatigue, depression, (Pines, Aronson, & Kafry, 1981), and stress (Fitter, 1986). Nevertheless, some see burnout as a stress induced condition (Reilly & Clevenger, 1988; Fitter, 1986). This view originated from the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) model of stress pioneered by Hans Selye during the 1950's (Selye, 1976; 1983).