Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Which Employers Offer Hope for Mainstream Job Opportunities for Disabled People?

  • Elizabeth Hemphill (a1) and Carol T. Kulik (a2)

Abstract

Employer reluctance to hire disabled people narrows the economic and vocational opportunities of disabled people. This study investigates employer hiring decisions to identify which mainstream employers are most likely to hire disabled people. The study reports findings from interviews with eighty-seven employers in urban and regional South Australia. Analysis reveals differences across groups of employers based on their previous hiring behaviour. Communication from employment support agencies should specifically address concerns of non-hirers and light hirers. Long-term financial concerns present strong but surmountable barriers to light hirers employing disabled people. Policy mitigating long-term employer concerns could attract employers to hire disabled people for the first time (non-hirers) or return to hiring (light hirers) disabled people. Negative employers (antagonists) and employers already sustaining ongoing workplace relationships with disabled people (loyals) have insurmountable reasons to not hire any (or more) disabled people and should not be targeted.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anema, J. C. and Sligar, S. R. (2010) ‘Innovation in the workplace: evaluation of a pilot employee assistance program serving persons with disabilities’, Journal of Rehabilitation, 76, 4, 917.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012) ‘4430.0 – Disability, ageing and carers, Australia: summary of findings’, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/E82EBA276AB693E5CA257C21000E5013?opendocument [accessed 27.6.2015].
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2015) ‘8165.0 – Counts of Australian Businesses, including Entries and Exits, June 2010 to June 2014’, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8165.0 [accessed 20.6.2015].
Australian Government (1992) ‘Disability Discrimination Act 1992’, http://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/C2013C00022 [accessed 20.6.2015].
Australian Government (2011) ‘A stronger, fairer Australia, National Statement on Social Inclusion’, Commonwealth Government of Australia, http://www.rdasydney.org.au/imagesDB/wysiwyg/SocialInclusionreport2011.pdf [accessed 14.1.2015].
Australian Government (2015) ‘A new system for better employment and social outcomes’, https://www.dss.gov.au/our-responsibilities/review-of-australias-welfare-system/a-new-system-for-better-employment-and-social-outcomes-full-version-of-the-final-report [accessed 23.6.2015].
Baglieri, S., Valle, J. W., Connor, D. J. and Gallagher, D. J. (2011) ‘Disability studies in education: the need for a plurality of perspectives on disability’, Remedial and Special Education, 32, 4, 112.
Balser, D. B. and Harris, M. M. (2008) ‘Factors affecting employee satisfaction with disability accommodation: a field study’, Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 20, 1, 1328.
Beauchemin, C., Hamel, C., Lesné, M., Simon, P. and the Trajectoires et Origines Survey Team (2010) ‘Discrimination: a question of visible minorities’, Population and Societies, 466, 14.
Beckett, A. E. (2009) ‘Challenging disabling attitudes, building an inclusive society: considering the role of education in encouraging non-disabled children to develop positive attitudes towards disabled people’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 30, 3, 317–29.
Bloom, P. N. and Reve, T. (1990) ‘Transmitting signals to consumers for competitive advantage’, Business Horizons, 33, 4, 5866.
Braun, V. and Clarke, V. (2006) ‘Using thematic analysis in psychology’, Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 2, 77101.
Chan, F., Strauser, D., Maher, P., Lee, E. J., Jones, R. and Johnson, E. T. (2010) ‘Demand-side factors related to employment of people with disabilities: a survey of employers in the midwest region of the United States’, Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 20, 4, 412–19.
Choi, M. (2011) ‘Employees' attitudes towards organizational change: a literature review’, Human Resource Management, 50, 4, 479500.
Deitch, E. A., Barsky, A., Butz, R. M., Chan, S., Brief, A. P. and Bradley, J. C. (2003) ‘Subtle yet significant: the existence and impact of everyday racial discrimination in the workplace’, Human Relations, 56, 11, 1299–324.
Dong, S., Oire, S. N., MacDonald-Wilson, K. L. and Fabian, E. S. (2013) ‘A comparison of perceptions of factors in the job accommodation process among employees with disabilities, employers and service providers’, Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 56, 3, 182–9.
Driesener, C. and Romaniuk, J. (2006) ‘Comparing methods of brand image measurement’, International Journal of Market Research, 48, 6, 681–98.
Duggan, A., Bradshaw, Y. S. and Altman, W. (2010) ‘How do I ask about your disability? An examination of interpersonal communication processes between medical students and patients with disabilities’, Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, 15, 3, 334–50.
Fraser, R., Johnson, T. K., Hebert, J., Ajzen, I., Copeland, J., Brown, P. and Chan, F. (2010) ‘Understanding employers’ hiring intentions in relation to qualified workers with disabilities: preliminary findings’, Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 20, 4, 420–6.
Gardyn, R. (2003) ‘Eco-friend or foe’, American Demographics, October, 12–13.
Graffam, J., Shinkfield, A., Smith, K. and Polzin, U. (2002) ‘Employer benefits and costs of employing a person with a disability’, Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 17, 4, 251–63.
Grösch, S. (2013) ‘Presumed incapable: exploring the validity of negative judgments about persons with disabilities and their employability in hotel operations’, Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 54, 2, 114–23.
Grover, C. and Piggot, L. (2013) ‘Disability and social (in)security: emotions, contradictions of “inclusion” and employment and support allowance’, Social Policy and Society, 12, 3, 369–80.
Hall, J. and Parker, K. (2010) ‘Stuck in a loop: individual and system barriers for job seekers with disabilities’, The Career Development Quarterly, 58, 3, 246–56.
Hannon, F. (2011) National Disability Authority Literature Review on Attitudes towards Disability, Dublin: National Disability Authority, http://www.nda.ie/ [accessed 27.6.2015].
Hergenrather, K. C., Turner, A. P., Rhodes, S. D. and Barlow, J. (2008) ‘Persons with disabilities and employment: application of the self-efficacy of job-seeking skills scale’, Journal of Rehabilitation, 74, 3, 3444.
Hernandez, B., McDonald, K., Divilbiss, M., Horin, E., Velcoff, J. and Donoso, O. (2008) ‘Reflections from employers on the disabled workforce: focus groups with healthcare, hospitality and retail administrators’, Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 20, 3, 157–64.
Houtenville, A. and Kalargryou, V. (2012) ‘People with disabilities: employers' perspectives on recruitment practices, strategies, and challenges in leisure and hospitality’, Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 53, 1, 4052.
Hsieh, H.-F. and Shannon, S. E. (2005) ‘Three approaches to qualitative content analysis’, Qualitative Health Research, 15, 9, 1277–88.
Huang, J., Guo, B. and Bricout, J. C. (2009) ‘From concentration to dispersion: the shift in policy approach to disability employment in China’, Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 20, 1, 4654.
Humber, L. A. (2014) ‘Social inclusion through employment: the marketisation of employment support for people with learning disabilities in the United Kingdom’, Disability and Society, 29, 2, 275–89.
Jarzabkowski, P. and Searle, R. H. (2004) ‘Harnessing diversity and collective action in the top management team’, Long Range Planning, 37, 5, 399419.
Killackey, E. and Waghorn, G. (2008) ‘The challenge of integrating employment services with public mental health services in Australia: progress at the first demonstration site’, Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 32, 1, 63–6.
Kingsley, J. Y., Phillips, R., Townsend, M. and Henderson-Wilson, C. (2010) ‘Using a qualitative approach to research to build trust between a non-Aboriginal researcher and Aboriginal participants (Australia)’, Qualitative Research Journal, 10, 1, 212.
Lengnick-Hall, M. L., Gaunt, P. M. and Kulkarni, M. (2008) ‘Overlooked and underutilized: people with disabilities are an untapped human resource’, Human Resource Management, 47, 2, 255–73.
Lennox, N., Taylor, M., Rey-Conde, T., Bain, C., Purdie, D. M. and Boyle, F. (2005) ‘Beating the barriers: recruitment of people with intellectual disability to participate in research’, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49, 4, 296305.
Lewis, G. and Priday, J. (2008) National Disability Partnership Project Preliminary Findings, A Project Funded by the Australian Government Department of Education Employment and Workplace Relations, http://www.edge.org.au/research/Report_5.pdf [accessed 27.6.2015].
Lewis, R., Dobbs, L. and Biddle, P. (2013) ‘If this wasn't here I probably wouldn't be: disabled workers’ views of employment support’, Disability and Society, 28, 8, 1089–103.
Luecking, R. G. (2008) ‘Emerging employer views of people with disabilities and the future of job development’, Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 29, 1, 313.
Mills, S. and Rose, J. (2011) ‘The relationship between challenging behaviour, burnout and cognitive variables in staff working with people who have intellectual disabilities’, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55, 9, 844–57.
Miller, B. K. and Werner, S. (2005) ‘Factors influencing the inflation of task performance ratings for workers with disabilities and contextual performance ratings for their coworkers’, Human Performance, 18, 3, 309–29.
Mirvis, P. (2008) ‘Executive development through consciousness-raising experiences’, Academy of Management Learning and Education, 7, 2, 173–88.
Mitra, S. and Sambamoorthi, I. (2008) ‘Disability and the rural labor market in India: evidence for males in Tamil Nadu’, World Development, 36, 5, 934–52.
Neuman, W. L. (2011) Social Research Method: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, Boston: Pearson Education.
Neylan, J. (2008) ‘Social policy and the authority of evidence’, The Australian Journal of Public Administration, 67, 1, 1219.
Nuttavuthisit, K. (2010) ‘If you can't beat them, let them join: the development of strategies to foster consumers’ co-creative practices’, Business Horizons, 53, 3, 315–24.
Perkins, D. (2007) ‘Improving employment participation for welfare recipients facing personal barriers’, Social Policy and Society, 7, 1, 1326.
Pruett, S. R., Lee, E. J., Chan, G., Wang, M. H. and Lane, F. J. (2008) ‘Dimensionality of the contact with disabled persons scale’, Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 51, 4, 210–20.
Rafaeli, A. (2006) ‘Sense-making of employment: on whether and why people read employment advertising’, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27, 6, 747–70.
Reinartz, W., Thomas, J. and Kumar, V. (2005) ‘Balancing acquisition and retention resources to maximize customer profitability’, Journal of Marketing, 69, 1, 6379.
Robertson, S., Lewis, G. and Hiila, H. (2004) ‘Supported employment in the public sector for people with significant disabilities’, Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 21, 917.
Roessler, R., Hennessey, M., Neath, J., Rumrill, P. and Nissen, S. (2011) ‘The employment discrimination experiences of adults with multiple sclerosis’, Journal of Rehabilitation, 77, 1, 2030.
Romaniuk, J. (2011) ‘Are you blinded by the heavy (buyer) . . . Or are you seeing the light?’, Journal of Advertising Research, 51, 4, 561–3.
Sharp, B. (2010) How Brands Grow: What Marketers Don't Know, Victoria: Oxford University Press.
Shillito, L. M. (1992) Value: Its Measurement, Design, and Management, New York: Wiley.
Siperstein, G. N., Romano, N., Mohler, A. and Parker, R. (2006) ‘A national survey of consumer attitudes towards companies that hire people with disabilities’, Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 24, 1, 39.
Smith, D. L. (2007) ‘The relationship of type of disability and employment status in the United States from the behaviorial risk factor surveillance system’, Journal of Rehabilitation, 73, 2, 3240.
Solovieva, T. I., Wallsh, R. T., Hendricks, D. J. and Dowler, D. L. (2010) ‘Workplace personal assistance services for people with disabilities: making productive employment possible’, Journal of Rehabilitation, 76, 4, 38.
Stafford, B., Roberts, S. and Duffy, D. (2012) ‘Delivering employment services to vulnerable customers: a case study of the UK's employment service’, Social Policy and Society, 11, 4, 495506.
Unger, D. D. (2002) ‘Employers' attitudes to persons with disabilities in the workforce: myths or realities?’, Focus On Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 17, 1, 210.
Vilchinsky, N., Findler, L. and Werner, S. (2010) ‘Attitudes toward people with disabilities: the perspective of attachment theory’, Rehabilitation Psychology, 55, 5, 298306.
Wehman, P., Brooke, V., Green, H., Hewett, M. and Tipton, M. (2008) ‘Public/private partnerships and employment of people with disabilities: preliminary evidence from a pilot project’, Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 28, 1, 5366.
Williams-Whitt, K. and Taras, D. (2010) ‘Disability and the performance paradox: can social capital bridge the divide?’, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 48, 534–59.
Woodside, A. G. and Megehee, C. M. (2010) ‘Advancing consumer behaviour theory in tourism via visual narrative art’, International Journal of Tourism Research, 12, 5, 418–31.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed