Chiva, C. (2009) ‘The limits of Europeanisation: EU accession and gender equality in Bulgaria and Romania’, Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 10, 2, 195–209.
Commission of the European Communities (2008) Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: A Better Work-Life Balance: Stronger Support for Reconciling Professional, Private and Family Life, COM(2008) 635 final, Brussels: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0635:FIN:en:PDF [accessed 26.07.2017].
Deakin, S., Butlin, S., McLaughlin, C. and Polanska, A. (2015) ‘Are litigation and collective bargaining complements or substitutes for achieving gender equality? A study of the British Equal Pay Act’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 39, 2, 381–403.
ETUI (2017) Benchmarking Working Europe 2017, Brussels: ETUI.
Eurofound (2017) Working-Time Developments in the Twenty-First Century: Work Duration and its Regulation in the EU, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
European Commission (EC) (2011a) ‘EU Justice Commissioner Reding challenges business leaders to increase women's presence on corporate boards with “Women on the Board Pledge for Europe”’, Brussels, 1 March 2011, MEMO/11/124, http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-11-124_en.htm [accessed 28.09.2017].
EU (1995) Follow-up to the White Paper on Growth, Competitiveness and Employment Equal Opportunities for Women and Men, V/5538/95-EN, Report to the European Commission's Employment Task Force (DGV).
EU (1999) Annual Report from the Commission Equal Opportunities for Women and Men in the European Union – 1998 - COM(1999) 106 final.
EU (2002) Employment in Europe, European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment and Social Affairs-Unit EMPL/A.1, ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=1894&langId=en [accessed 25.07.2017].
Fagan, C., Plantenga, J. and Rubery, R. (1995) ‘Part-time work and inequality? Lessons from The Netherlands and the UK’, in Lapeyre, J. and Hoffman, R. (eds.), A Time for Working - A Time for Living (Research papers commissioned for the ETUC/ETUI conference, Düsseldorf, December 1994), Brussels: European Trade Union Institute/ Labour Research Department.
Fagan, C., Rubery, R., Grimshaw, D., Smith, M., Hebson, G. and Figueiredo, H. (2005) ‘Gender mainstreaming in the enlarged European Union: recent developments in the European employment strategy and social inclusion process’, Industrial Relations Journal, 36, 6, 568–91.
Fagan, C., Grimshaw, D. and Rubery, R. (2006a) ‘The subordination of the gender equality objective: the National Reform Programmes and ‘making work pay’ policies’, Industrial Relations Journal, 37, 6, 571–92.
Fagan, C., Hegewisch, A. and Pillinger, J. (2006b) Out of Time – Why Britain Needs a New Approach to Working-Time Flexibility, London: Trades Union Congress, www.tuc.org.uk.
Fagan, C., Gonzalez Menendez, M. and Gomez Anson, S. (eds.) (2012a) Women on Corporate Boards and in Top Management: European trends and policy, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Fagan, C., Lyonette, C., Smith, M. and Saldaña-Tejeda, A. (2012b) The Influence of Working Time Arrangements on Work-Life Integration or ‘Balance’: A Review of the International Evidence, Background Report to the International Labour Office for the ILO Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Working time Arrangements, Geneva: International Labour Office, http://www.ilo.org/travail/whatwedo/publications/WCMS_187306/lang–en/index.htm [accessed 01.09.2017].
Fagan, C. and Norman, H. (2013) ‘Men and gender equality: tackling gender segregation in family roles and in social care jobs’, in Bettio, F., Plantenga, J. and Smith, M. (eds.), Gender and the European Labour Market, Oxon: Routledge, 199–223.
Fagan, C. and Vermeylen, G. (2016) 'Working time trends and work-life balance in Europe since the onset of the Great Recession’, in Lewis, S., Anderson, D., Lyonette, C., Payne, N. and Wood, S. (eds.), Work-Life Balance in Times of Austerity and Beyond: Meeting the Needs of Employees, Organizations and Social Justice, London: Routledge.
House of Commons (2017) Children: Introduction of 30 Hours of Free Childcare in September 2017 (England) House of Commons Library Briefing paper no 7581, 12 July, www.parliament.uk/commons-library [accessed 01.09.2017].
Jenson, J. (2008) ‘Writing women out, folding gender in. The European Union ‘modernises’ social policy’, Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, 15, 2, 1–23.
Jenson, J. (2009) ‘Lost in translation: the social investment perspective and gender equality, Social Politics, 16, 4, 446–83.
Karamessini, M. (2014) ‘Structural crisis and adjustment in Greece: social regression and the challenge to gender equality’, in Karamessini, M. and Rubery, J. (eds.), Women and Austerity: The Economic Crisis and the Future for Gender Equality, London: Routledge, 165–85.
Karamessini, M. and Rubery, J. (eds.) (2014) Women and Austerity: The Economic Crisis and the Future for Gender Equality, London: Routledge.
Lewis, J. (2006) ‘Work/family reconciliation, equal opportunities and social policies: the interpretation of policy trajectories at the EU level and the meaning of gender equality’, Journal of European Public Policy, 13, 3, 420–37.
Lewis, S., Anderson, D., Lyonette, C., Payne, N. and Woods, S. (eds) (2016) Work-Life Balance in Times of Recession, Austerity and Beyond, London: Routledge.
Pillinger, J. (1992) Feminising the Market: Women's Pay and Employment in the European Community
Pollack, M. and Hafner-Burton, E. (2000) ‘Mainstreaming gender in the European Union’, Journal of European Public Policy, 7, 3, Special Issue: 432–56.
Rubery, J. (2002) ‘Gender mainstreaming and gender equality in the EU employment strategy’, Industrial Relations Journal, 33, 5, 500–22.
Rubery, J. (2015) ‘Austerity and the future for gender equality in Europe’, International Labour Review, 68, 4, 715–41.
Rubery, J. and Grimshaw, D. (2015) ‘The 40-year pursuit of equal pay: a case of constantly moving goalposts’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 39, 2, 319–43.
Rubery, J., Fagan, C., Grimshaw, D., Figueiredo, H. and Smith, M. (2001) 'Indicators on gender equality in the European employment strategy', Report of the Gender and Employment Expert Group (EGGE) for the Equal Opportunities Unit, Employment Directorate (DGV), Brussels: European Commission, 131 [Also available in French].
Rubery, J., Grimshaw, D., Fagan, C., Figueiredo, H. and Smith, M. (2003) ‘Gender equality still on the European agenda – but for how long?’ Industrial Relations Journal, 34, 5, 477–97.
Rubery, J., Figueiredo, H., Smith, M., Grimshaw, D. and Fagan, C. (2004) ‘The ups and downs of European gender equality policy’, Industrial Relations Journal, 35, 6, 603–28.
Smith, M. and Villa, P. (2010) ‘The ever-declining role of gender equality in the European Employment Strategy’, Industrial Relations Journal, 41, 6, 526–43.
Stratigaki, M. (2004) ‘The co-optation of gender concepts in EU policies: the case of “reconciliation of work and family”’, Social Politics, 11, 1, 30–56.
Tomlinson, J. (2007) ‘Employment regulation, welfare and gender regimes: a comparative analysis of women's working-time patterns and work-life balance in the UK and the US’, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18, 3, 401–15.
Tucker, P. and Folkard, S. (2012) Working Time, Health and Safety: a Research Synthesis Paper, Background Report to the International Labour Office for the ILO Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Working time Arrangements, Geneva: International Labour Office.
Zeitlin, J., Pochet, P. with Magnusson, L. (eds.) (2005) The Open Method of Coordination in Action: The European Employment and Social Inclusion Strategies, Brussels: P.I.E.-Peter Lang.