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Sampling from the Fossil Record

  • Carl F. Koch (a1)

Extract

The effects of sampling the fossil record are much greater then one would intuitively expect because most species are rare. That is, most species are represented by extremely few specimens and occur in extremely few collections. In many studies, species which occur only once are considered to be either endemic, stenotopic or of short species duration when in fact these species may not have any of these characteristics but, in fact, are very rare and thus occur in the fossil record very infrequently.

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References

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Buzas, M.A. 1990. Another look at confidence limits for species proportions. Journal of Paleontology, 64:842843.
Buzas, M.A., Koch, C.F., Culver, S.J., and Sohl, N.F. 1982. On the distribution of species occurrence. Paleobiology, 8:142150.
Buzas, M.A., Smith, R.K., and Beem, K.A. 1977. Ecology and systematics of foraminifera in two Thalassia habitats, Jamaica, West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, 31:139.
Carter, B.D., and McKinney, M.L. (in press). The biogeography of barriers and boundaries: taphonomy, sampling, and the measurement of faunal similarity. Paleobiology.
Cochran, W.G. 1963. Sampling techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 413 p.
Durham, J.W. 1967. The incompleteness of our knowledge of the fossil record. Journal of Paleontology, 41:559564.
Koch, C.F. 1978. Bias in the published fossil record. Paleobiology, 4:367377.
Koch, C.F. 1987. Prediction of sample size effects on the measured temporal and geographic distribution patterns of species. Paleobiology, 13:100107.
Koch, C.F., and Morgan, J.P. 1988. On the expected distribution of species ranges. Paleobiology, 14:126138.
Koch, C.F., and Sohl, N.F. 1983. Preservational effects in paleoecological studies: Cretaceous mollusc examples. Paleobiology, 9:2634.
May, R.M. 1975. Patterns of species abundance and diversity, p. 81120. In Cody, M.L. and Diamond, J.M. (eds.), Ecology and Evolution of Communities. Belknap Press of Harvard, Cambridge.
Tipper, J.C. 1979. Rarefaction and rarefiction: The use and abase of a method in paleoecology. Paleobiology, 5:423434.
Valentine, J.W. 1989. How good was the fossil record? Clues from the California Pleistocene. Paleobiology, 15:8394.
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The Paleontological Society Papers
  • ISSN: 2475-2630
  • EISSN: 2475-2673
  • URL: /core/journals/the-paleontological-society-papers
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