Pea seed development on the mother plant consists of three phases, all limited by water concentration (WC). The first (P1) or embryogenesis sensu stricto takes place at constant WC (stable at 80%). During the phase P2, cotyledon filling or maturation, WC decreases linearly from 80 to 55% (physiological desiccation) but the water content stays constant while the dry weight increases until it stops abruptly (at 55% WC), at this time, the seed has almost reached its final dry weight, its maturity mass or physiological maturity. The third phase, P3, consists of a fast desiccation which leads to a WC of 18–14%, where the seed is mature and ready to harvest. Similar events occur in other grain legumes, in cereals where mass maturity is attained at a lower WC (close to 40%) and in other species including crop or weed species. An elementary model of pea seed dry-matter accumulation, based on the constancy of water content (P1) and the linear decrease of WC from 80 to 55% (P2), allows us to define a coefficient α linked to WC and to calculate dry matter changes versus α. This model, taking account of WC in other species, can be generalized easily. Maturation of the somatic embryo, occurring under conditions very close to those present in vivo around the zygotic embryo, follows a pattern of decrease of WC similar to that of the zygotic embryo. We expect that if cell number is similar in the somatic and the zygotic embryo, synseeds will be ready for trade in the near future since control of all the processes that lead to zygotic-like embryoids is now available.