In higher plants, the seed precursor (ovule primordia) is composed of three parts: funiculus, nucellus and chalaza, generating the latter one (II) or two (OI and II) protective maternal integuments (seed coat, SC). The appearance of a viable seed requires the coordinate growth and development of the preceding three compartments. Integuments are essentials for seed life as they nourish, protect and facilitate seed dispersion. Endosperm and integument growth and development are tightly coupled. Gymnosperm and angiosperm ovules are commonly unitegmic and bitegmic, respectively. Unusually, ategmy and threetegmy (OI, II and aril) also exist. The expression of the INO, ATS and ETT genes, involved in integument development, seems to have demonstrated that the fusion of OI and II leads to the appearance of unitegmy in higher plants. Likewise, INO expression also manifests the conservation of OI during evolution. The molecular control of SC development is constituted by a signalling network with still a multitude of gaps. The fertilization-independent development of the ovule is repressed by the FERTILIZATION INDEPENDENT SEED (FIS), a Polycomb-Repressive-Complex-2 (PRC2). Both endosperm and SC development are tightly linked to PRC2 function. As in many other developmental processes, auxin plays an essential role during ovule and SC development. Auxin transport from the endosperm to the integuments is regulated by AGL62 (AGAMOUS-LIKE 62), the encoding gene of which is specifically expressed in the endosperm to suppress its cellularization. In the absence of AGL62 (i.e. agl62 mutants), auxin remains trapped in the endosperm and the SC fails to develop (i.e. seed abortion). This update shows that auxin biosynthesis, transport and signalling play a predominant role and seem to be absolutely required in the pathway(s) that lead to SC formation, most likely not as a unique hormonal component.