Ainsworth, C.C., Miller, T.E. and Gale, M.D. (1987) α-Amylase and β-amylase homeoloci in species related to wheat. Genetical Research 49, 93–103.
Brown, R.C., Lemmon, B.E. and Olsen, O.-A. (1994) Endosperm development in barley: Microtubule involvement in the morphogenetic pathway. Plant Cell 6, 1241–1252.
Daussant, J. and Laurière, C. (1990) Detection and partial characterization of two antigenically distinct β-amylases in developing kernels of wheat. Planta 181, 505–511.
Daussant, J., Zbaszyniak, B., Sadowski, J. and Wiatroszak, I. (1981) Cereal β-amylase: Immunochemical study on two enzyme-deficient inbred lines of rye. Planta 151, 176–179.
Daussant, J., Sadowski, J., Rorat, T., Mayer, C. and Laurière, C. (1991) Independent regulatory aspects and posttranslational modifications of two β-amylases of rye -use of a mutant inbred line. Plant Physiology 96, 84–90.
Djarot, I. N. and Peterson, D.M. (1991) Seed development in a shrunken endosperm barley mutant. Annals of Botany 68, 495–499.
Duffus, C.M. and Cochrane, M.P. (1992) Grain structure and composition. pp.291–317in Shewry, P.R. (Ed.) Barley: Genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology and biotechnology. Wallingford, CAB International.
Gawel, N.J. and Jarret, R.L. (1991) A modified CTAB DNA extraction procedure for Musa and Ipomoea. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 9, 262–266.
Giese, H. and Hejgaard, J. (1984) Synthesis of salt-soluble proteins in barley. Pulse-labeling study of grain filling in liquid-cultured detached spikes. Planta 161, 172–177.
Hejgaard, J. and Carlsen, S. (1977) Immunoelectrophoretic identification of a heterodimer β-amylase in extracts of barley grain. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 28, 900–904.
Hildebrand, D.F. and Hymowitz, T. (1981) Role of β-amylase in starch metabolism during soybean seed development and germination. Physiologia Plantarum 53, 429–434.
Im, H. and Henson, C.A. (1995) Characterization of high pIα -glucosidase from germinated barley seeds: substrate specificity, subsite affinities and active-site residues. Carbohydrate Research 227, 145–159.
Jarvi, A.J. and Eslick, R.F. (1975) Shrunken endosperm mutants in barley. Crop Science 15, 363–366.
Jung, W., Skadsen, R.W. and Peterson, D.M. (1996) Characterization of a barley shrunken endosperm mutant, seg8. pp.505–507in Slinkard, A.; Scoles, G.; Rossnagel, B. (Eds) V International oat conference and VII international barley genetics symposium: Proceedings. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada, University Extension Press.
Jung, W., Skadsen, R.W. and Peterson, D.M. (1997) Cloning and characterization of an early embryogenesis gene, EEA1 (Accession No. AF017430), from barley (PGR 97–184). Plant Physiology 115, 1730–1731.
Kreis, M., Williamson, M., Buxton, B., Pywell, J., Hejgaard, J. and Svendsen, I. (1987) Primary structure and differential expression of β-amylase in normal and mutant barleys. European Journal of Biochemistry 169, 517–525.
Kreis, M., Williamson, M.S., Shewry, P.R., Sharp, P. and Gale, M. (1988) Identification of a second locus encoding β-amylase on chromosome 2 of barley. Genetical Research 51, 13–16.
LaBerge, D.E. and Marchylo, B.A. (1983) Heterogeneity of the β-amylase enzymes of barley. Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists 41, 120–124.
LaBerge, D.E. and Marchylo, B.A. (1986) Changes in beta-amylase enzymes during kernel development of barley and the effect of papain as an extractant. Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists 44, 16–19.
MacGregor, A.W. and Dushnicky, L. (1989) α-Amylase in developing barley kernels—A reappraisal. Journal of the Institute of Brewing 95, 29–33.
McCleary, B.V. and Codd, R. (1989) Measurement of β-amylase in cereal flours and commercial enzyme preparations. Journal of Cereal Science 9, 17–33.
Mita, S., Suzuki-Fujii, K. and Nakamura, K. (1995) Sugar-inducible expression of a gene for β-amylase in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiology 107, 895–904.
Nakamura, K., Ohto, M., Yoshida, N. and Nakamura, K. (1991) Sucrose-induced accumulation of β-amylase occurs concomitant with the accumulation of starch and sporamin in leaf-petiole cuttings of sweet potato. Plant Physiology 96, 902–909.
Nitta, Y., Isoda, Y., Toda, H. and Sakiyama, F. (1989) Identification of glutamic acid 186 affinity-labeled by 2,3-epoxypropyl α-D-glucopyranoside in soybean β-amylase. Journal of Biochemistry 105, 573–576.
Nummi, M., Vilhunen, R. and Enari, T.M. (1966) β-Amylase: I. β-Amylases of different molecular size in barley and malt. pp.52–61in European brewery convention. Proceedings of the 10thcongress, 1965, Stockholm, Sweden. Amsterdam, Elsevier Publishing Company.
Ohto, M., Nakamura-Kito, K. and Nakamura, K. (1992) Induction of expression of genes coding for sporamin and β-amylase by polygalacturonic acid in leaf-petiole cuttings of sweet potato. Plant Physiology 99, 422–427.
Ramage, R.T. and Crandall, C.L. (1981) Shrunken endosperm mutant seg8. Barley Genetics Newsletter 11, 34.
Rorat, T., Sadowski, J., Grellet, F., Daussant, J. and Delseny, M. (1991) Characterization of cDNA clones for rye endosperm β-amylase and analysis of β-amylase deficiency in rye mutant lines. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 83, 257–263.
Sadowski, J., Rorat, T., Cooke, R. and Delseny, M. (1993) Nucleotide sequence of a cDNA clone encoding ubiquitous β-amylase in rye (Secale cereale L.). Plant Physiology 102, 315–316.
Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular cloning, a laboratory manual (2nd edition). Cold Spring Harbor, NY, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
Sanger, F., Nicklen, S. and Coulson, A.R. (1977) DNA sequencing with chain terminating inhibitors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 74, 5463–5467.
Shewry, P.R. (1993) Barley seed proteins. pp.131–197 in MacGregor, A.W.; Bhatty, R.S. (Eds) Barley: Chemistry and technology. St. Paul, Minnesota, American Association of Cereal Chemists.
Shewry, P.R., Parmar, S., Buxton, B., Gale, M.D., Liu, C.J., Hejgaard, J. and Kreis, M. (1988) Multiple molecular forms of β-amylase in seeds and vegetative tissues of barley. Planta 176, 127–134.
Skadsen, R.W. (1993) Aleurones from a barley with low β-amylase activity become highly responsive to gibberellin when detached from the starchy endosperm. Plant Physiology 102, 195–203.
Sopanen, T. and Laurière, C. (1989) Release and activity of bound β-amylase in a germinating barley grain. Plant Physiology 89, 244–249.
Sun, Z. and Henson, C.A. (1991) A quantitative assessment of the importance of barley seed α-amylase, β-amylase, debranching enzyme, and α-glucosidase in starch degradation. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 284, 298–305.
Tibbot, B.K. and Skadsen, R.W. (1996) Molecular cloning and characterization of a gibberellin-inducible, putative α-glucosidase gene from barley. Plant Molecular Biology 30, 229–241.
Toda, H., Nitta, Y., Asanami, S., Kim, J. and Sakiyama, F. (1993) Sweet potato β-amylase primary structure and identification of the active-site glutamyl residue. European Journal of Biochemistry 216, 25–38.
Wang, S.M., Lue, W.L., Eimert, K. and Chen, J. (1996) Phytohormone-regulated β-amylase gene expression in rice. Plant Molecular Biology 31, 975–982.
Wang, S.M., Lue, W.L., Wu, S.Y., Huang, H.W. and Chen, J. (1997) Characterization of a maize β-amylase cDNA clone and its expression during seed germination. Plant Physiology 113, 403–409.
Wesenberg, D.M., Hayes, R.M., McKay, H.C., Standridge, N.N., Goplin, E.D. and Petr, F.C. (1974) Registration of Klages barley. Crop Science 14, 337–338.
Yoshigi, N., Sahara, H. and Koshino, S. (1995) Role of the C-terminal region of β-amylase from barley. Journal of Biochemistry 117, 63–67.
Ziegler, P. (1999) Cereal beta-amylases. Journal of Cereal Science 29, 195–204.