5McClary, Susan, ‘The Blasphemy of Talking Politics during Bach
Year’, in Leppert, R. and McClary, S. (eds), Music and Society: Politics of Performance and
Cambridge University Press,
1987), 4, quoted in Peacocke, ‘The Perception of
21Wollheim, Richard, The Mind and its Depths
(Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard
University Press, 1993),
22 These thought experiments were set in train by a question posed to me by Hong Yu Wong
during the discussion period following the presentation of this chapter as a lecture
to the Royal Institute of Philosophy, London, 12 November, 2010.
23 I am thinking particularly of the passage which reads, in part: ‘…I desire anyone to
lay his hand upon his heart, and after a serious consideration, whether he thinks
that the falsehood of such a book, supported by such a testimony, would be more
extraordinary and miraculous than all the miracles it relates…’ See. Hume, David, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, ed.
Steinberg, Eric (2nd ed.; Indianapolis and
1993), 90 (Section X).
24 I am leaving out of consideration here biological functions, such as the ‘function’
of the heart to pump blood, the ‘function’ of the kidneys to do whatever it is they
do, and so on. The analysis of biological function is, of course, tied to the theory
of evolution and natural selection, and is irrelevant to present concerns, which are,
of course, about ‘crafted’, man-made objects, for which the generalization ‘no
function without a giver of the function’ still holds, intentionless biological
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