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Instructions for authors

Download the Robotica class file here.

Robotica Instructions for Contributors

Robotica aims to be an outlet for publication of original papers of the highest quality in the field of Robotics and closely related areas. This includes: novel robotic mechanism and actuator design; robot kinematics, dynamics and control; computer vision; sensor fusion; teleoperation and haptic interfaces; robot motion planning; and artificial intelligence. In addition, papers that apply techniques from Robotics to other fields are also welcome. Examples include dynamics and control models applied to biological systems, the description of implementations of robots in factories, service and agricultural settings, and general mechatronic design. Works may be theoretical, computational or experimental, or some combination. Research articles, comments and replies are welcome. Proposals for special issues on topics of current interest are welcome, and can be submitted via email to the editor or journal inbox (

Authors are urged to ensure their papers are written clearly and attractively, in order that their work will be readily accessible to readers. Manuscripts must be written in English. Robotica employs a rigorous peer review process whereby all submitted manuscripts are sent to recognized experts in their subjects for evaluation. The Editor’s decision on the suitability of a manuscript for publication is final.

Submission of manuscripts

Manuscripts for consideration by Robotica should be submitted electronically using the Manuscript Central System via We accept Word and LaTeX submissions but a final PDF should also be provided by the author. If possible, please provide source files on submission to avoid delays later at acceptance. Authors who are unable to submit online should contact the Editorial Office ( for assistance.

Robotica considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that:
1. The manuscript is your own original work, and does not duplicate any other previously published work;
2. The manuscript has been submitted only to the journal - it is not under consideration, accepted for publication or in press elsewhere. Manuscripts may be deposited on pre-print servers;
3. All listed authors know of and agree to the manuscript being submitted to the journal;
4. The manuscript contains nothing that is abusive, defamatory, fraudulent, illegal, libellous, or obscene.

The journal adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on research and publications ethics. Text taken directly or closely paraphrased from earlier published work that has not been acknowledged or referenced will be considered plagiarism. Submitted manuscripts in which such text is identified will be withdrawn from the editorial process.

Further details of our Publishing Ethics Policies can be found on the journal homepage.

Layout of manuscripts

Text should be double spaced throughout, single-sided, allowing generous margins on all sides of the paper. Please avoid footnotes if possible. Papers should begin with a title page, detailing the title of the paper, all contributing authors with their affiliations and the email address of the corresponding author, and key words. This should be followed by an abstract of not more than 250 words and the paper should end with a brief concluding section. The title and section headings should be concise and descriptive. All measurements should be given in SI units. Authors are encouraged to use the LaTeX class file which can be obtained from the following link:

LaTeX Class File

On acceptance of a manuscript, authors are asked to send the electronic source files of the final version together with a PDF copy produced using the same file. The publisher reserves the right to typeset material by conventional means if an author's file proves unsatisfactory.


Authors using LaTeX should incorporate illustrations (figures or photographs) in the usual way; figures should be supplied as .eps files at resolution 1200 dpi for lines, 600 dpi for greyscale and 300 dpi for colour (which preferably should also be in RGB format). However, most standard image formats such as pct, ppm, png, psd, Word, ppt, CorelDraw, ChemDraw, AutoCAD can also be used, but not customized output of software not designed for publishing purposes such as Matlab. Figures should be numbered consecutively, have descriptive captions, and be mentioned in the text. A list of captions should be attached separately, and as far as possible, information relating to a figure should be placed in the caption rather than on the figure. Each figure should be clearly numbered. Photographs should be the same size as they will appear in the journal. Photographs should be clearly identified and numbered as for line drawings.


Authors using LaTeX should incorporate tables in the usual way.

For other authors, tables should be provided as an editable source file, e.g. Word document. A caption should be given to each table. Tables should be numbered consecutively. Exceptionally lengthy tables may be summarized for publication with a note that fuller details can be obtained from the authors.


If you are not using LaTeX, then mathematical equations should be created using MS Equation Editor or similar, with subscripts and superscripts clearly indicated. All mathematical symbols will be set in italics unless otherwise indicated: symbols or letters to be set in Roman (upright) type should be marked clearly.

Disclosure Statements

Please consider including author contribution and funding statements at the end of the manuscript, before the References section.

Author Contributions

A short statement should be provided indicating how each author contributed to the work. For example: AB and CD conceived and designed the study. CD and EF conducted data gathering. GH performed statistical analyses. AB, EF and GH wrote the article.

Financial Support

Please provide details of the sources of financial support for all authors, including grant numbers.

EXAMPLE: "This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (grant number XXXXXXX)".

Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma and space, and where research was funded by more than one agency the different agencies should be separated by a semi-colon, with 'and' before the final funder. Grants held by different authors should be identified as belonging to individual authors by the authors' initials.

EXAMPLE: "This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (A.B., grant numbers XXXX, YYYY), (C.D., grant number ZZZZ); the Natural Environment Research Council (E.F., grant number FFFF); and the Australian Research Council (A.B., grant number GGGG), (E.F., grant number HHHH)".

Where no specific funding has been provided for research, please provide the following statement:

"This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors."

Competing interests declaration

All authors must include a competing interests declaration in their manuscript above the references. This declaration will be subject to editorial review and may be published in the article.

Competing interests are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on the content or publication of an author’s work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations.

If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting must include competing interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors. Example wording for a declaration is as follows: “Competing interests: Author A is employed at company B. Author C owns shares in company D, is on the Board of company E and is a member of organisation F. Author G has received grants from company H.” If no competing interests exist, the declaration should state “Competing interests: The author(s) declare none”.


In the text, references are indicated by Arabic numbers, and should be confined to published work that is directly pertinent. References should be listed at the end of the paper in numerical order. Authors' initials should precede their names: cited article titles should be quoted in full, enclosed in quotation marks; and abbreviations of journal names should follow the style of Chemical Abstracts or Physical Abstracts, and be underlined for italics:

P.W. Anderson, "More is different'' Science l77, 393-399 (1972);

C.V. Negoita, Fuzzy Systems (Abacus Press. Tunbridge Wells, UK, 1980).

Citations such as 'personal communication', 'unpublished work', etc., are not acceptable as numbered references but can be included in parenthesis in the text. Do not use summaries as references.

For authors using LaTeX, please follow instructions given in the guide.

Online Supplementary Material

Relevant material which is not suitable for inclusion in the main article body, such as computer code, large tables, additional figures or appendices, can be uploaded as supplementary material. If the article is accepted for publication in Robotica, these materials will be hosted online alongside the final published article. Note that:

  • Supplementary material will be published ‘as is’, with no further production performed.
  • Supplementary material must be supplied as a separate file and should also be referenced in the article
  • Files for supplementary material can be up to a maximum of 10 MB each. Authors wishing to associate larger amounts of supplementary material with their article are recommended make use of a data repository.

Proof Reading

The corresponding author will receive PDF copies of page proofs for final proofreading. Only typographical or factual errors may be changed at proof stage. The publisher reserves the right to charge authors for correction of non-typographical errors. Authors are requested to return proofs within 48 hours. No page charge is made.


No paper offprints are provided, but the corresponding author will be sent the pdf of the published article.

Author Language Services

We suggest that authors whose first language is not English have their manuscripts checked by a native English speaker before submission. This is optional, but will help to ensure that any submissions that reach peer review can be judged exclusively on academic merit. We offer a Cambridge service which you can find out more about here, and suggest that authors contact as appropriate. Please note that use of language editing services is voluntary, and at the author’s own expense. Use of these services does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication, nor does it restrict the author to submitting to a Cambridge-published journal.


Robotica now requires that all corresponding authors identify themselves using their ORCID iD when submitting a manuscript to the journal. ORCID provides a unique identifier for researchers and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript submission and grant applications, provides the following benefits:

  • Discoverability: ORCID increases the discoverability of your publications, by enabling smarter publisher systems and by helping readers to reliably find work that you’ve authored.
  • Convenience: As more organisations use ORCID, providing your iD or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID record, and will enable you to share this information with other systems and platforms you use, saving you re-keying information multiple times.
  • Keeping track: Your ORCID record is a neat place to store and (if you choose) share validated information about your research activities and affiliations.

If you don’t already have an iD, you’ll need to create one if you decide to submit a manuscript to Robotica. You can register for one directly from your user account on Scholar One or via If you already have an iD, please use this when submitting, either by linking it to your Scholar One account or supplying it during submission by using the “Associate your existing ORCID ID” button.

© Cambridge University Press 2006

Last updated 5 February 2021