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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 November 2019

Dácil Juif
Universidad Carlos III de Madrida
Joerg Baten
University of Tübingen, CEPR and CESifob
Mari Carmen Pérez-Artés
University of Tübingenc


We assess the numeracy (age heaping) of religious minorities, particularly Jews, and other defendants of the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions, and compare it with the general Iberian population. Our database includes 13,000 individuals who took part in Inquisition trials, and 17,000 individuals recorded in censuses and parish registers who serve as a control group. We thoroughly discuss the representativeness of our samples for the populations we aim to capture. Our results point at a substantial numeracy advantage of the Judaism-accused over the Catholic majority. Furthermore, Catholic priests and other groups of the religious elite who were occasional targets of the Inquisition had a similarly high level of numeracy.



Estimamos las capacidades numéricas (numeracy) de minorías religiosas -judíos en particular- y otros reos de la Inquisición Española y Portuguesa, y las comparamos con el resto de la población ibérica. Nuestra base de datos incluye 13.000 individuos que participaron en juicios de la Inquisición, y 17.000 individuos recogidos en censos y registros parroquiales que sirven de grupo de control. Discutimos minuciosamente la representatividad de nuestras muestras para las poblaciones en cuestión. Nuestros resultados apuntan a una ventaja sustancial de los acusados de judaísmo con respecto a la mayoría católica. Asimismo, los sacerdotes católicos y otros grupos religiosos elitistas, que fueron el blanco de la Inquisición, tenían un nivel alto de habilidades numéricas.

Copyright © Instituto Figuerola, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2019

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Department of Social Sciences, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.


Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Tübingen, CEPR and CESifo.


Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Tübingen.



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