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Cultivos y crecimiento de la población esclava: el caso de Guyana en el siglo XIX

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 April 2010

Carlos Newland
Affiliation:
Universidad Torcuato Di Tella
Emilio Parrado
Affiliation:
Universidad de Chicago

Extract

Uno de los temas más discutidos en la historia demográfica ha sido el crecimiento de las poblaciones esclavas del continente americano. En particular ha llamado la atención la diversa experiencia de las distintas regiones y países. Mientras que en Estados Unidos durante la primera mitad del siglo XIX la población esclava creció a una tasa superior al 2%, en el Caribe sufrió una disminución constante, disminución que variaba de isla en isla, pero que en general alcanzaba un 3% anual. En el Brasil, única nación de América del Sur con una gran concentración de mano de obra forzada, la situación fue intermedia, con una caída anual de algo más de 1%. Tanto en el Caribe como en Brasil se buscó compensar la pérdida natural de población mediante la importación de africanos, actividad que se dificultó luego de la prohibición británica de la trata en 1807.

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Copyright © Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid 1996

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