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A systematic review of prescribing criteria to evaluate appropriateness of medications in frail older people

  • A Poudel (a1), NM Peel (a2), C Mitchell (a3), LM Nissen (a1) (a3) (a4) and RE Hubbard (a2)...

Summary

This study systematically reviews the published literature regarding inappropriate prescribing in frail individuals aged at least 65 years. Twenty-five of 466 identified studies met the inclusion criteria. All papers measured some surrogate indicators of frailty, such as performance-based tests, cognitive function and functional dependency. Beers criteria were used in 20 studies (74%) to evaluate inappropriate medication use and 36% (9/25) studies used more than one criterion. The prevalence of inappropriate medications ranged widely from 11 to 92%. Only a few studies reported the relationship between potentially inappropriate medication use and surrogate measures of frailty. These diverse findings indicate the need for a standardized measure for assessing appropriateness of medication in frail older individuals. Prescribing tools should address both medication and patient-related factors such as life expectancy and functional status to minimize inappropriate prescribing in frail individuals.

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Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Arjun Poudel, School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, 20 Cornwall Street, Woolloongabba, QLD 4102, Australia. Email: a.poudel@uq.edu.au

References

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Keywords

A systematic review of prescribing criteria to evaluate appropriateness of medications in frail older people

  • A Poudel (a1), NM Peel (a2), C Mitchell (a3), LM Nissen (a1) (a3) (a4) and RE Hubbard (a2)...

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